The root of the ancient Dalriadan-Scottish name Cawlidge is the personal name Tammas,
which is the Lowland Scottish form of Thomas.
The Gaelic forms of the name are Mac Tamhais
or Mac Thamhais,
both of which mean son of Tammas.
Early Origins of the Cawlidge family
The surname Cawlidge was first found in Argyllshire
(Gaelic erra Ghaidheal), the region of western Scotland
corresponding roughly with the ancient Kingdom of Dál Riata, in the Strathclyde region of Scotland
, now part of the Council Area of Argyll and Bute
, where the first recorded Chief was MacGilla Tamhais whose name became anglicized as MacIltavish. A later Chief, Collen, called the 'good bald Colin' of Dunardarie, son of Gillespick, was directly descended from the Tavish Corr. Although it is reasonably clear that the Clan
was settled in Craignish well before 800 AD, the historical records show little of their activities or family relationships.
Although many historians list this Clan as a sept of the Campbells, and others claim that a relationship to the Frasers existed, there is no good reason to suppose these relationships were the result of anything other than geographical proximity. There has also been some confusion between the MacTavishes and the MacThomas. Here also, the relationship is tenuous - the Thomsons being a separate Border Clan with its own Chief at that time. The Chief of the MacTavishes is considered to be the MacTavish of Dunardrie.
Early History of the Cawlidge family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cawlidge research.Another 527 words (38 lines of text) covering the years 1355, 1858, 1997, 1755 and 1815 are included under the topic Early Cawlidge History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cawlidge Spelling Variations
The translation of Gaelic names in the Middle Ages was not a task undertaken with great care. Records from that era show an enormous number of spelling variations
, even in names referring to the same person. Over the years Cawlidge has appeared as MacTavish, McTavish, MacTaffish, McTaffish and many more.
Early Notables of the Cawlidge family (pre 1700)
Another 40 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cawlidge Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawlidge family to Ireland
Some of the Cawlidge family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 79 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawlidge family to the New World and Oceana
Many settled along the east coast of what would become the United States and Canada. As the American War of Independence
broke out, those who remained loyal to the crown went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of all of these hardy Dalriadan-Scottish settlers began to recover their collective history in the 20th century with the advent of the vibrant culture fostered by highland games and Clan
societies in North America. Highland games, clan societies, and other organizations generated much renewed interest in Scottish heritage in the 20th century. The Cawlidge were among the earliest of the Scottish settlers as immigration passenger lists have shown: Simon McTavish, who arrived in New York in 1764; Elizabeth McTavish, who came to New York in 1765; John George Mactavish, was on record in Montreal, Canada between the years 1782-1798.
The Cawlidge Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Non oblitus
Motto Translation: Do Not Forget Me after Death.