In ancient Scotland
, Cawlewell was a Strathclyde-Briton name for someone who lived in Renfrrewshire. This place-name may also be derived from the Old English words caeld,
which means cold,
which means well,
and indicates that the original bearer lived near a well that gave cold water.
Early Origins of the Cawlewell family
The surname Cawlewell was first found in Renfrewshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Friù), a historic county of Scotland
, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew
, East Renfrewshire
, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, at the Caldwell Tower, a mansion and old estate that dates back to 1294. The current Caldwell Tower stands on a mound, and is a small, free-standing tower that was probably built in the 16th century. It was fully restored in 2011 with the addition of a small extension. Caldwell is also a village and civil parish in the Richmondshire district of North Yorkshire
. The Caudle variant may be related to a thickened and sweetened alcoholic hot drink so named. It was popular in the Middle Ages for its supposed medicinal properties and dates back to at least 1297.
Early History of the Cawlewell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cawlewell research.Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1342, 1500, 1628, 1679 and 1929 are included under the topic Early Cawlewell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cawlewell Spelling Variations
In Medieval times, spelling and translation were not nearly so highly developed as today. They were generally carried out according to the sound and intuition of the bearer. For that reason spelling variations
are extremely common among early Scottish names. Cawlewell has been spelled Caldwell, Coldwell, Caldwill, Cauldwell, Cauldwill, Cawldwell, Guildwell, Calewell, Caldewell and many more.
Early Notables of the Cawlewell family (pre 1700)
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cawlewell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawlewell family to Ireland
Some of the Cawlewell family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 109 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawlewell family to the New World and Oceana
Unrest, poverty, and persecution caused thousands to look for opportunity and freedom in the North American colonies. The crossing was long, overcrowded, and unsanitary, though, and came only at great expense. Many Strathclyde families settled on the east coast of North America in communities that would form the backbone of what would become the great nations of the United States and Canada. The American War of Independence
caused those who remained loyal to England
to move north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. In the 20th century, Strathclyde and other Scottish families across North America began to recover their collective heritage through highland games and Clan
societies. Among them: Archibald Caldwel, a Scottish prisoner sent to America in 1685; John Caldwell, a bonded passenger, who came to America in 1693; Charles Caldwell, who arrived in New England
The Cawlewell Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Fac et spera
Motto Translation: Do and hope.