Today's generation of the Cawlender family inherits a name that was first used by the Scottish tribe known as the Picts
. The first family to use the name Cawlender lived on the lands or barony of Callander in Perthshire
. The name is quite mistakenly thought of as an occupational
name derived from the trade of calendering
or glossing cloth. Scholars seem to agree that this name was not related to the calendar of the months.
Early Origins of the Cawlender family
The surname Cawlender was first found in Perthshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland
. "This place derives its name, of Gaelic origin, from an ancient ferry across the river Teath, the principal road to which lay within its limits." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Cawlender family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cawlender research.Another 215 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1296 and 1360 are included under the topic Early Cawlender History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cawlender Spelling Variations
Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations
with single names. Cawlender has appeared Callander, Callender, Callandar, Callenter, Kalender, Calenter and many more.
Early Notables of the Cawlender family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Cawlender Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawlender family to the New World and Oceana
Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland
, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence
. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan
societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Cawlender: William Callender who settled in Virginia in 1650; Alistair Callender settled in Boston in 1651; R. Callandar settled in New England
in 1761; Alexander Callender is one of the 36 original signers of the Declaration of Independence
about 1683 in South Carolina..