Before Irish names were translated into English, Cawlaghynd had a Gaelic form of O Ceallachain, possibly from "ceallach", which means "strife". The family is descended from Ceallachan (Callaghan), the 10th century King of Munster
from whom their surname is derived, and as such, the name Cawlaghynd is a patronymic
Early Origins of the Cawlaghynd family
The surname Cawlaghynd was first found in Munster
. The earliest mention of the name Cawlaghynd placed them in the barony of Kinlea, in County Cork
, yet the family lost most of their original lands in the barony of Kinelea during the Anglo- Norman Conquest
. They relocated to an area near Mallow, in the north of the county, and remained there until forced off their lands once again during the Cromwellian Invasion
of the 17th century. The head family migrated to the east of County Clare
and flourished, giving their name to the village of Callaghan's Mills. The resumption of the often-discarded prefix "O" has been widespread during the late twentieth century, but in the early twentieth century, Callaghans greatly outnumbered O'Callaghans, but such is no longer the case. The O'Callaghans are one of the few Irish families
to still have a chief, certified by the Genealogical Office. CITATION[CLOSE]
MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)
Early History of the Cawlaghynd family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cawlaghynd research.Another 403 words (29 lines of text) covering the years 1172, 1640, 1738, 1807, 1797, 1883, 1605, 1654, 1839 and 1909 are included under the topic Early Cawlaghynd History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cawlaghynd Spelling Variations
Within archives, many different spelling variations
exist for the surname Cawlaghynd. Ancient scribes and church officials recorded names as they were pronounced, often resulting in the name of the single person being recorded under several different spellings. Different spellings that were found include Callaghan, Callahan, O'Callaghan, O'Callahan, Calahan, Cellaghan, Kalahan, Kallaghan, Kallahan, O'Kallaghan, Kellaghan, Kelleghan, Kellahan, Kelahan, Ceilahan, Ceilaghan, Callachan, Calachan, Callagan, Calagan, Kelagan, Callighan and many more.
Early Notables of the Cawlaghynd family (pre 1700)
Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cawlaghynd Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cawlaghynd family to the New World and Oceana
fled the English-colonized Ireland
in record numbers during the 19th century for North America. Many of those destitute families died from disease during, and even shortly after, the long journey. Although those that immigrated before the Great Potato Famine
of the 1840s often were granted a tract of land, those that arrived later were generally accommodated in urban centers or in work camps. Those in the urban centers would labor in the manufacturing sector, whereas those in work camps would to build critical infrastructures such as bridges, canals, roads, and railways. Regardless of when these Irish immigrants came to North America, they were critical for the rapid development of the young nations of the United States and Canada. Early immigration and passenger lists have recorded many early immigrants bearing the name of Cawlaghynd: James Callaghan who settled in America in 1768; Gerhard Callaghan settled in 1764; James Callaghan settled in Pennsylvania in 1772; John Callaghan settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1764.