The surname Carnicke is a Welsh
name that was first held when the Carnicke family lived in the English county of Cornwall
. As a general rule, the greater the distance between individuals and their homelands, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, people who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came. Consequently, the name Carnicke was not originally applied to a lifelong resident of Cornwall
, but rather to someone who emigrated from Cornwall
to another region.
Early Origins of the Carnicke family
The surname Carnicke was first found in Devon
, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times.
Early History of the Carnicke family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Carnicke research.Another 231 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1375, 1450, 1465, 1523, 1685, 1677 and 1689 are included under the topic Early Carnicke History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Carnicke Spelling Variations
There are relatively few surnames native to Wales
, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations
. Early variations of Welsh
surnames can be explained by the fact that very few people in the early Middle Ages were literate. Priests and the few other literate people were responsible for recording names in official documents. And because most people could not specific how to properly record their names it was up to the individual recorder of that time to determine how a spoken name should be recorded. Variations due to the imprecise or improper recording of a name continued later in history when names originally composed in the Brythonic Celtic
, language of Wales, known by natives as Cymraeg, were transliterated into English. Welsh
names that were documented in English often changed dramatically since the native language of Wales, which was highly inflected, did not copy well. Occasionally, however, spelling variations
were carried out according to an individual's specific design: a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations could be indicated by minor variations. The spelling variations of the name Carnicke have included Cornish, Cornishe, Corniss, Cornise, Carnish, Cornich, Corniche, Cornick and many more.
Early Notables of the Carnicke family (pre 1700)
Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was William Cornysh the Younger (also spelled Cornyshe or Cornish) (1465-1523), an English composer, dramatist, actor, and poet. His only surviving poem, was written in Fleet Prison. Henry Cornish (died 1685), was a London Alderman of the ward... Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Carnicke Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Carnicke family to the New World and Oceana
During the latter half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, the people of Wales
journeyed to North America to find a new life. They made major contributions to the arts, industry and commerce of both Canada and the United States, and added a rich cultural heritage to their newly adopted societies. A look at the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Carnicke: Samuel Cornish was one of the first settlers in North America, settling in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1637; and James Cornish was the first Schoolmaster and Town Clerk in Westfield, Massachusetts..