The Anglo- Norman Conquest
lead by Strongbow
introduced the first non-Gaelic elements into Irish nomenclature. These Anglo- Normans
brought some traditions to Ireland
that were not readily found within Gaelic system of hereditary surnames
. One of the best examples of this is the local
surnames, such as Candlyn, were taken from the name of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. These surnames were very common in England
, but were almost non-existent within Ireland
previous to the conquest. The earliest surnames of this type came from Normandy
, but as the Normans
moved, they often created names in reference to where they actually resided. Therefore, some settlers eventually took names from Irish places. Originally, these place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname, if the place name began with a vowel, or was eliminated entirely. The Candlyn family originally lived in the place called Cauntelo in Northern France. Early medieval deeds record the surname Candlyn as de Cantelupo, the Latin equivalent of the Norman name de Cauntelo. Before their migration to Ireland
, the Candlyn family spent a long period in England
. The shrine of St. Thomas de Cantelupe, who was the last English saint canonized prior to the Reformation
, is in Hereford Cathedral.
Early Origins of the Candlyn family
The surname Candlyn was first found in County Kerry
(Irish:Ciarraí) part of the former County Desmond
(14th-17th centuries), located in Southwestern Ireland
, in Munster
province, where they held a family seat
at Ballyheige where they had been granted lands after the Norman invasion
in 1172 by Strongbow
As one would expect, not all of the family moved to Ireland. Bingley in the West Riding of Yorkshire was an ancient family seat. "This place is one of the thirty two lordships granted by the Conqueror to Erneis de Berun, from whose descendants it was conveyed to the Paganells and the Gants, and afterwards to the Cantilupe family." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Candlyn family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Candlyn research.Another 306 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1275, 1299, 1680 and 1734 are included under the topic Early Candlyn History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Candlyn Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes spelled names as they sounded; therefore, single person, could have his name spelt many different ways during their lifetime. While investigating the origins of the name Candlyn, many spelling variations
were encountered, including: Cantillon, Cantilon, Cantlin, Cantilupe, Cantlowe, Cantelowe, Cantell, Cantillion, Cantlon, Cantlow and many more.
Early Notables of the Candlyn family (pre 1700)
Another 49 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Candlyn Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Candlyn family to the New World and Oceana
Ireland's Great Potato Famine
left the country's inhabitants in extreme poverty and starvation. Many families left their homeland for North America for the promise of work, freedom and land ownership. Although the Irish were not free of economic and racial discrimination in North America, they did contribute greatly to the rapid development of bridges, canals, roads, and railways. Eventually, they would be accepted in other areas such as commerce, education, and the arts. An examination of immigration and passenger lists revealed many bearing the name Candlyn: Thomas, Mary, John, and Bridget, all arrived in New York State in 1849; all by the name of Cantillion; Richard Cantlon arrived in 1855; Patrick Cantlin arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1857..