The name Cacstone reached English shores for the first time with the ancestors of the Cacstone family as they migrated following the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Cacstone family lived in Cambridgeshire
, where they held a family seat
on lands at Causton
Early Origins of the Cacstone family
The surname Cacstone was first found in Cambridgeshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, the Manor of Caustone was occupied by Hardwin of Scales in 1086, from whom the Caxtons are conjecturally descended. The village of Causton, or Caxton, is on Roman Ermine Street and was once a coaching village. There is a restored gibbet in the village.
Early History of the Cacstone family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cacstone research.Another 463 words (33 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1273, 1335, 1422, 1400, 1500, 1422 and 1491 are included under the topic Early Cacstone History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cacstone Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names tend to be marked by an enormous number of spelling variations
. This is largely due to the fact that Old and Middle English lacked any spelling rules when Norman French was introduced in the 11th century. The languages of the English courts at that time were French and Latin. These various languages mixed quite freely in the evolving social milieu. The final element of this mix is that medieval scribes spelled words according to their sounds rather than any definite rules, so a name was often spelled in as many different ways as the number of documents it appeared in. The name was spelled Caxton, Caxtone, Cackston, Cackstone, Cacstone, Caxten, Caxtan and many more.
Early Notables of the Cacstone family (pre 1700)
Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cacstone Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cacstone family to the New World and Oceana
Because of the political and religious discontent in England
, families began to migrate abroad in enormous numbers. Faced with persecution and starvation at home, the open frontiers and generally less oppressive social environment of the New World seemed tantalizing indeed to many English people. The trip was difficult, and not all made it unscathed, but many of those who did get to Canada and the United States made important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers with Cacstone name or one of its variants: Bryan Caxton, who settled in Maryland in 1678.