The Strongbownian invaders added their Norman conventions for surnames to the previously established Irish system for hereditary surnames
. One of the most frequent forms of surnames for both cultures was the patronymic
surname, which was formed from the name of the bearer's father or grandfather. The Norman tradition that the followers of Strongbow
brought with them created such a surname through diminutive suffixes such as -ot, -et, -un, -in, or -el. Occasionally, two suffixes were combined to form a double diminutive, as in the combinations of -el-in, -el-ot, -in-ot, and -et-in. The Normans
also formed patronymic surnames in a manner very similar to the Irish: they added a prefix to their father's name. These Anglo-Norman people, however, used the prefix Fitz-, which was derived from the French word fils, and ultimately from the Latin filius
, which both mean son. Although this prefix probably originated in Flanders
, it can now only be found in Ireland
. The surname Byrnerd is derived from the Germanic personal name
Bernhard, which consists of the elements ber or bern, which mean bear, and hard, which means brave, handy, or strong.
Early Origins of the Byrnerd family
The surname Byrnerd was first found in Westmorland
, where they had been granted lands by King William for their assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.Sir Theophilus, a Norman knight, who assisted William the Conqueror in the conquest of England
was succeeded by his son, Sir Dorbard, who took the surname Bernard. Sir Dorbard's descendants settled at Acornbank in the county of Westmorland, but stayed in good favor with the royalty. In 1172 King Henry II took Robert Fitz Bernard with him to Ireland
, in the invasion of Ireland, and entrusted to his care the counties of Wexford
Early History of the Byrnerd family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Byrnerd research.Another 535 words (38 lines of text) covering the years 1115, 1148, 1320, 1702, 1738, 1903, 1672 and 1697 are included under the topic Early Byrnerd History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Byrnerd Spelling Variations
Church officials and medieval scribes spelled names as they sounded; therefore, single person, could have his name spelt many different ways during their lifetime. While investigating the origins of the name Byrnerd, many spelling variations
were encountered, including: Bernard, Barnard, Bernyrd, Barnerd, Barnart, Barnert, Barnarde and many more.
Early Notables of the Byrnerd family (pre 1700)
Another 19 words (1 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Byrnerd Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Byrnerd family to the New World and Oceana
went through one of the most devastating periods in its history with the arrival of the Great Potato Famine
of the 1840s. Many also lost their lives from typhus, fever and dysentery. And poverty was the general rule as tenant
farmers were often evicted because they could not pay the high rents. Emigration to North America gave hundreds of families a chance at a life where work, freedom, and land ownership were all possible. For those who made the long journey, it meant hope and survival. The Irish emigration to British North America and the United States opened up the gates of industry, commerce, education and the arts. Early immigration and passenger lists have shown many Irish people bearing the name Byrnerd: Nathanill Bernard, who arrived in St. Christopher in 1635; Francis Bernard, who came to Virginia in 1665; James Bernard, a servant sent to Virginia in 1662.
The Byrnerd Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtus probata florebit
Motto Translation: Tried virtue will flourish.