The ancient Scottish name Bruham was first used by the Strathclyde-Briton people of the Scottish/English Borderlands. The original bearer of the name lived in Galloway
in the southwest of Scotland
. The Rhiged lived in what later became the northern English counties of Cumberland
, and Lancashire
Early Origins of the Bruham family
The surname Bruham was first found in Westmorland
, at Brougham Castle a medieval building about 2 miles (3.2 km) south-east of Penrith in what is now known as Cumbria
. “The De Burghams held it temp.
Edward the Confessor.” CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
This castle was built on an ancient Roman fort named Brocavum and was originally at the intersection of three Roman roads.
Early History of the Bruham family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bruham research.Another 165 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1050, 1778, 1868, 1665, 1698, 1778, 1868, 1780 and 1833 are included under the topic Early Bruham History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bruham Spelling Variations
The many spelling variations
in Medieval Scottish names result from the fact that scribes in that era spelled words according to sound. Translation too, was an undeveloped science, and many names were altered into complete obscurity. Over the years Bruham has been spelled Brougham, Bruham, Browham and others.
Early Notables of the Bruham family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Henry Brougham (1665-1698), an English divine from Scales Hall, Cumberland; Henry Peter Brougham, 1st Baron
Brougham and Vaux (1778-1868), Scottish born British statesman who... Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bruham Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bruham family to Ireland
Some of the Bruham family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 53 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bruham family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the uncertainties and discrimination faced in Scotland
, many decided to head out for North America. Once they arrived, many Scots fought with relish in the American War of Independence; some went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Many ancestors of these Scots have recovered their lost national heritage in the 20th century through Clan
organizations and Scottish historical societies. Among the settlers to North America were:
Bruham Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- William Bruham, who landed in Virginia in 1653 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
The Bruham Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Pro rege lege grege
Motto Translation: For King, the law, and the people.