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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Bretum. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Bretum family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Bretum is a local type of surname and the Bretum family lived at the villages of Bratton Clovelly and Bratton Fleming in Devon. The name Bratton means the settlement by the brook.

Bretum Early Origins



The surname Bretum was first found in Devon. Bratton is a village and civil parish, near Westbury, in Wiltshire and was part of the ancient parish of Westbury until 1892. Bratton Castle (Bratton Camp) is a bivallate Iron Age hillfort on Bratton Down.

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Bretum Spelling Variations


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Bretum Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Bratton, Braton, Brattone, Bratone, Bratten and many more.

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Bretum Early History


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Bretum Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bretum research. Another 567 words (40 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1195, 1273, 1500 and 1794 are included under the topic Early Bretum History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Bretum Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Bretum Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Bretum Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Bretum or a variant listed above: Patrick Bratton who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1854. John Bratton (1831-1898), born in South Carolina, enlisted in the Confederate Army upon the outbreak of the American Civil War and advanced rapidly through the ranks until he was appointed brigadier general in 1864. After the war he entered public life and was elected comptroller of South Carolina..

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Bretum Family Crest Products


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Bretum Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    2. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
    3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    4. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    5. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    6. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
    7. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
    8. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
    9. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
    10. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
    11. ...

    The Bretum Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Bretum Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 19 April 2013 at 11:12.

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