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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


The illustrious surname Bredown finds its origin in the rocky, sea swept coastal area of southwestern England known as Cornwall. Although surnames were fairly widespread in medieval England, people were originally known only by a single name. The process by which hereditary surnames were adopted is extremely interesting. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Lords and their tenants often became known by the name of the feudal territory they owned or lived on. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Bredown is a local type of surname and the Bredown family lived at the villages of Bratton Clovelly and Bratton Fleming in Devon. The name Bratton means the settlement by the brook.

Bredown Early Origins



The surname Bredown was first found in Devon. Bratton is a village and civil parish, near Westbury, in Wiltshire and was part of the ancient parish of Westbury until 1892. Bratton Castle (Bratton Camp) is a bivallate Iron Age hillfort on Bratton Down.

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Bredown Spelling Variations


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Bredown Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Bratton, Braton, Brattone, Bratone, Bratten and many more.

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Bredown Early History


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Bredown Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bredown research. Another 567 words (40 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1195, 1273, 1500 and 1794 are included under the topic Early Bredown History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Bredown Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Bredown Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Bredown Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



An investigation of the immigration and passenger lists has revealed a number of people bearing the name Bredown: Patrick Bratton who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1854. John Bratton (1831-1898), born in South Carolina, enlisted in the Confederate Army upon the outbreak of the American Civil War and advanced rapidly through the ranks until he was appointed brigadier general in 1864. After the war he entered public life and was elected comptroller of South Carolina..

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Bredown Family Crest Products


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Bredown Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
    2. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
    3. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
    4. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
    5. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    6. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    7. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
    8. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
    9. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
    10. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    11. ...

    The Bredown Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Bredown Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 19 April 2013 at 11:12.

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