Brancomb History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Anglo-Saxon name Brancomb comes from when the family resided in Devon, where they held a family seat at Branscombe in the 9th century. Shortly after the Norman Conquest the estates of Branscombe were owned by the Bishop of Exeter and according to the Domesday Book, [1] 150 sheep were part of the holdings contributed to the supplies of the Abbey of Exeter.

Early Origins of the Brancomb family

The surname Brancomb was first found in Devon at Branscombe, a village that dates back to the ninth century. At that time, the village was named Branecescumbe but by the Domesday Book of 1086, it was listed there as Branchescome. The estates of Branscombe were owned by the Bishop of Exeter and the 150 sheep which was part of the holdings contributed to the supplies of the Abbey of Exeter. [1] The place name literally means "valley of a man called Branoc," for the Celtic personal name + the Old English "Cumb." [2] One of the earliest records of the surname was Walter Branscombe (Bronscombe, Branescombe, Bronescombe, Bronescomb c. 1220-1280), born in Exeter, an early English priest, Bishop of Exeter from 1258 to 1280; he is buried in Exeter Castle.

"The church [of Colon, Cornwall] is said to have been erected and endowed by Walter Bronscomb, bishop of Exeter, about the year 1250, and by him appropriated to the Augustine canons of his college of Glaseney near Penryn." [3]

Early History of the Brancomb family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Brancomb research. Another 109 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 132 and 1327 are included under the topic Early Brancomb History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Brancomb Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Brancomb include Brancomb, Bronscombe, Branscom, Bronscom and others.

Early Notables of the Brancomb family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Brancomb Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Brancomb family

A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants: James Branscomb who settled in Barbados in 1692.



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print


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