Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in the parish of Bolingbrooke. The place dates back to the Domesday Book as Bolinbroc from the Old English Bulingbroc, which literally meant brook associated with a bull. Today there is also a village named New Bolingbroke located in the Lincolnshire Fens about 10km east of Coningsby.
Early Origins of the Bolingbrok family
Lincolnshire. Undoubtedly, one of the most interesting aspects of this surname is that King Henry IV of England, was also known as Henry of Bolingbroke because he was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire. The castle, now in ruins, was first fortified by the Saxons in the 6th or 7th century. In the 12th century the Normans built a Motte-and-bailey on a nearby hill above the settlement of Bolingbroke. The present structure was founded by Ranulf, Earl of Chester, in 1220 shortly after he returned from the Fifth Crusade. Lucy of Bolingbroke (died c. 1138) was an Anglo-Norman heiress and later in life, countess of Chester.
Early History of the Bolingbrok family
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Bolingbrok Spelling Variations
Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Bolingbrok include Bolingbroke, Bollingbroke, Bolingbrook, Bullingbroke, Bullingbrook, Bollingbrooke, Bulingbroc, Bolingbrok, Bullyngbroke and many more.
Early Notables of the Bolingbrok family (pre 1700)
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Migration of the Bolingbrok family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Bolingbrok or a variant listed above: a number of settlers who arrived by the 19th century.
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