The distinguished surname Bokeynd originated in Cornwall
, a region of southwest England
that is celebrated in the Arthurian romances of the Middle Ages. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames
were adopted in medieval England
is fascinating. As the population of Europe burgeoned, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal
System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Despite the fact that occupational
surnames are rare among the Cornish People
, they nevertheless sometimes adopted surnames derived from the type of work they did. The surname Bokeynd was an occupational name for a maker of bows
. Further research revealed that the name is derived from the Old English word buga
meaning to bend
Early Origins of the Bokeynd family
The surname Bokeynd was first found in Cornwall
, in Treleage, where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest
and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Early History of the Bokeynd family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Bokeynd research.Another 229 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1625 and 1659 are included under the topic Early Bokeynd History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Bokeynd Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Bogan, Boggan and others.
Early Notables of the Bokeynd family (pre 1700)
Another 22 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Bokeynd Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bokeynd family to Ireland
Some of the Bokeynd family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 69 words (5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Bokeynd family to the New World and Oceana
Bokeynds were some of the first of the immigrants to arrive in North America: Ann Bogan who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1849; Bernard, John, Michael, Patrick, Walter, and William, all arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania between 1840 and 1860..