There are no fewer than three locations in England
named Birkby. In Cumbria
, Birkby is in the parish of Crosscanonby (or Cross Canonby) and the remaining two locations are found in North Yorkshire
and West Yorkshire
. It is from this area of England
that the surname Birchbay claims as its ancient homestead.
Early Origins of the Birchbay family
The surname Birchbay was first found in West Yorkshire
or North Yorkshire
at Birkby, townships and parishes. The North Yorkshire
location is presumably the oldest at it dates back to the Domesday Book
of 1086 where it was first listed as Bretebi. CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Both place names mean "farmstead or village of the Britons." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
One of the first records of the name was William de Bretteby, who was listed in the Assize Rolls of Yorkshire
in 1219. Years later, William Birtby was listed again in Yorkshire
in 1462. CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
Conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Birkby near Huddersfield held by the King's steward, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086.
Early History of the Birchbay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Birchbay research.Another 217 words (16 lines of text) covering the years 1510, 1600 and 1487 are included under the topic Early Birchbay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Birchbay Spelling Variations
in names were a common occurrence in the eras before English spelling was standardized a few hundred
years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate regularly changed the spellings of their names as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Birchbay have been found, including Birkby, Berkby, Beckby, Bickby, Birkbie, Birkbee, Bickbie, Burkby, Burkbie, Birkbye, Birchby, Berchby and many more.
Early Notables of the Birchbay family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Birchbay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Birchbay family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the social climate in England
was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. For such families, the shores of Ireland
, and the New World beckoned. They left their homeland at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. Many arrived after the long voyage sick, starving, and without a penny. But even those were greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. Numerous English settlers who arrived in the United States and Canada at this time went on to make important contributions to the developing cultures of those countries. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Birchbay were among those contributors: Samuell Birkby, who settled in Maryland in 1657; Catherine Birkby, who arrived in Maryland in 1654; and John Birkby, who was on record in New York in 1831..