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Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Baxby, Baxbe, Backsby, Bagsby and others.
First found in the North Riding of Yorkshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor at Baxby. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book,  indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Baxby who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. In the Domesday Hugh FitzBaldric held the village as under tenant from the Archbishop of York.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Baxbe research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Baxbe History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Baxbe Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain at this time. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlantic. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Baxbe or a variant listed above: Ella Baxby, aged 18, who arrived at Ellis Island from Liverpool, England, in 1910; and John Baxby, aged 56, who arrived at Ellis Island from Liverpool, England, in 1919..
The Baxbe Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Baxbe Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 31 January 2014 at 14:06.