Ayscough History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Ayscough family

The surname Ayscough was first found in the county of Cumberland, however some of the family were found at Aughton in the East Riding of Yorkshire in early times.

"The church [of Aughton], the chancel of which was rebuilt in 1839, has a low embattled tower, built by Christopher, son of the unfortunate Robert Aske who was beheaded at York in the reign of Henry VIII., 1537, as a principal in the insurrection called the "Pilgrimage of Grace," occasioned by the suppression of the monasteries. On the chancel floor is a fine brass slab, on which are graven the effigies of Richard Aske and his lady, who died in the fifteenth century. Near the east bank of the river Derwent the moats and trenches of an ancient castle are still visible; and in the vicinity of the church is a large mound of earth, the site of the castellated mansion of the Aske family." [1]

Eske is a township, in the parish of St. John, Beverley, union of Beverley, N. division of the wapentake of Holderness, in the East Riding of Yorkshire. "This place, in Domesday Book Asche, derives its name from the British word signifying water. It was given at an early period to the collegiate church of St. John." [1]

Important Dates for the Ayscough family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Ayscough research. Another 141 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1350, 1590, 1911, 1521, 1546, 1540, 1438, 1450, 1558, 1590, 1641, 1624, 1596, 1654, 1618, 1668, 1659, 1550, 1616, 1616, 1671, 1618, 1668, 1659, 1619, 1689, 1650, 1699, 1685, 1699, 1699 and 1774 are included under the topic Early Ayscough History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ayscough Spelling Variations

The name, Ayscough, occurred in many references, and from time to time, it was spelt Askey, Aske, Askew, Aiscough, Ayscoghe, Asker, Ayscough, Aiskey and many more.

Early Notables of the Ayscough family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family name during their early history was Anne Askew (1521-1546), English poet and Protestant who was condemned as a heretic, the only woman to have been both tortured in the Tower of London and burnt at the stake; William Ayscough (or Aiscough), (died 1540), Bishop of Salisbury (1438-1450); Edward Ayscough (died 1558), cup-bearer to Henry VIII; Edward Ayscough (of Nuthall) (c.1590- c.1641), Member of Parliament for Stamford in 1624; Edward Ayscough (1596-c. 1654), Member of Parliament for Lincoln and Lincolnshire; Edward Ayscough (c.1618-1668), English Member of Parliament for Great Grimsby in 1659; Edward...
Another 96 words (7 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Ayscough Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Ayscough migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Ayscough Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Christopher Ayscough, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 3rd November 1859 [2]
  • Mrs. Ann Ayscough, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 3rd November 1859 [2]
  • Mr. Christopher Ayscough, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 3rd November 1859 [2]
  • Mr. John Ayscough, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 3rd November 1859 [2]
  • Mr. Thomas Ayscough, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Maori" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 3rd November 1859 [2]

Contemporary Notables of the name Ayscough (post 1700)

  • Samuel Ayscough (1745-1804), English librarian and indexer, known as 'The Prince of Indexers' [3]
  • George Edward Ayscough (d. 1779), English dramatist and traveller, known for his production at Drury Lane Theatre of the ‘Semiramis’ of Voltaire, son of Francis Ayscough [3]
  • Francis Ayscough (1700-1763), English tutor to George III, Clerk of the Closet to his father Frederick, Prince of Wales, Dean of Bristol Cathedral (1761-1763) [3]
  • Margery Ayscough, English maternal grandmother of Sir Isaac Newton; she raised him from an early age after his mother Hannah Ayscough left to marry Reverend Barnabas Smith
  • Hannah Ayscough, English mother of Sir Isaac Newton; his father had died three months before his birth
  • James Ayscough (b. 1759), English optician and designer and maker of scientific instruments
  • Sir George Ayscough Armytage (b. 1872), 7th Baronet of Kirklees, Yorkshire, English peer

Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  3. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 6 June 2019
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