The ancient history of the Autelay name begins with the ancient Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the family resided in the village of Audley
Early Origins of the Autelay family
The surname Autelay was first found in Staffordshire
, where they the name dates back to the Roll of Battel Abbey which lists the name Audeley whose family originated at "Verdon, whose chief seat was at Alton Castle, in the northern part of Staffordshire
. In the immediately succeeding reigns few families held a more conspicuous place in history, but its most distinguished member was the renowned James de Audley, Lord Audley, the hero of Poictiers." CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
"[Audley, Staffordshire] was originally given by Hervey de Stafford to the barons of Aldeleigh, or Audley, who erected the baronial residence of Heyley Castle, commanding an extensive range of the surrounding country." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
One of the earliest records of the family was Henry de Audley (1175-1246), the English royalist Baron, son of Adam de Alditheley, who held Alditheley, Staffordshire from the Verdons in 1186. He was Sheriff of Shropshire and Staffordshire 1227 and 1229. His son was James de Audley (1220-1272), another English Baron. Nicholas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Heighley Castle, Staffordshire (1289-1316), was an English peer. His only surviving son was Nicholas Audley, 3rd Baron Audley (c.1328- 1391), born in Heighley Castle, Staffordshire, he was later known as Lord of Rougemont. Through marriage he was granted the Lordship of the Isle of Man in 1310 and his descendants would later become King of Mann.
Sir James Audley (or Audeley) KG (c. 1318-1369) was one of the founders of the Order of the Garter. He was the eldest son of Sir James Audley of Stratton Audley in Oxfordshire.
All of the above claim a common heritage from the aforementioned Henry de Audley (died 1246) as all share a similar Coats of Arms but with variations to depict their distinctive branch.
Early History of the Autelay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Autelay research.Another 557 words (40 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1185, 1289, 1312, 1316, 1316, 1369, 1377, 1488, 1544, 1533, 1544, 1662, 1674, 1780, 1577, 1662, 1488, 1544, 1523, 1529, 1535, 1536 and 1620 are included under the topic Early Autelay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Autelay Spelling Variations
Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon
surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. Changes in Anglo-Saxon
names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Autelay include Audeley, Audley, Audeleye, Awdelye, Audeleygh, Aldeoalega, Audsley, Audless and many more.
Early Notables of the Autelay family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Hugh Audley (1577-1662), also known as The Great Audley, an English moneylender, lawyer and philosopher; and Thomas Audley (1488-1544), a Baron
seated at Walden in Essex
, who became Lord Chancellor of England
. He entered Parliament in 1523 and was Speaker of the House of Commons... Another 64 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Autelay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Autelay family to Ireland
Some of the Autelay family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 125 words (9 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Autelay family to the New World and Oceana
Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Autelay or a variant listed above: John Audley, who sailed to Salem, Massachusetts in 1630; William Audley to Barbados in 1635; Margaret Audless to America in 1746; W.R. Audling to Baltimore in 1823.