Norman Conquest of England in 1066 brought much change, including many immigrants with new names. Among these were the ancestors of the Arcules family, whose name comes from the Dutch surname Van Arkel. The name Van Arkel may spring from the Anglo-Saxon form of Hercules, which is Ercol. A less likely root of the name is the parish of Ercoll Magna, or High Ercoll in Shropshire.
Early Origins of the Arcules family
Berwickshire, in south east Scotland, arriving in Scotland soon after the Norman Conquest in 1066. They are the northern branch of the family name descended from Anketell, or Arnketill.
Early History of the Arcules family
Another 125 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1150, 1500, 1533, 1588, 1572, 1626 and 1621 are included under the topic Early Arcules History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Arcules Spelling Variations
spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Arkell, Arkle, Arkill, Arcle, Argal, Argall, Arnkell, Artell, Artill, Arctall, Arktale, Arktell, Arktull, Arkgale and many more.
Early Notables of the Arcules family (pre 1700)
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Migration of the Arcules family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Arcules or a variant listed above: Sir Samuel Argal who settled in Virginia in 1624.
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