Wichman History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Wichman surname is a habitation name, derived from any of various places so named.

Early Origins of the Wichman family

The surname Wichman was first found in Hampshire at Wickham, anciently spelt Wykeham, a village and civil parish which dates back to c. 925-941 when it was spelt Wicham. [1] By the time of the Domesday Book of 1086, it was listed as Wicheham. [2]

William de Wycheham or Wickwane (d. 1285), was Archbishop of York and Canon and Chancellor of York. [3]

This village was the birth place of William of Wykeham (c. 1320-1404), Bishop of Winchester and Chancellor of England. He founded New College Oxford and New College School in 1379, and later founded Winchester College in 1382. [4]

The "Bishop of Winchester and chancellor of England, took his name from Wickham, near Fareham, Hampshire, where he was born in the summer of 1324. His mother, Sibill Bowade, had some gentle blood, but his father, John Long, is merely described as of free condition. They were poor, and Wykeham was sent to school at Winchester by some unnamed patrons, perhaps Sir Ralph Sutton and Sir John Scures. " [3]

The place name literally means "homestead associated with a vicus (reference to its ancient Roman settlement)." [1]

"[Birchanger in Essex] was given by Richard II. to William of Wykeham, for the endowment of New College, Oxford, the Warden and Fellows of which are the present proprietors." [4]

The parish of Garsington in Oxfordshire was another ancient family seat. "The church [of Garsington], an ancient and venerable structure, contains some handsome monuments to the family of Wickham." [4]

Important Dates for the Wichman family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Wichman research. Another 111 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1218, 1305, 1400, 1584, 1595, 1539, 1595, 1584, 1595, 1595, 1550, 1559 and 1335 are included under the topic Early Wichman History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Wichman Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Wickham, Wickombe, Wycombe, Wickholm, Wigham, Wickcombe, Wigholm, Wickholme, Wykham, Wyckham, Wygholme, Wiggam, Wiggham and many more.

Early Notables of the Wichman family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include William Wickham (Wykeham) (1539-1595), an English bishop, Bishop of Lincoln (1584-1595) and Bishop of Winchester in 1595. He "claimed descent from William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester, but was a member of a different family. He was...
Another 42 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Wichman Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Wichman family to Ireland

Some of the Wichman family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 32 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Wichman migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Wichman Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Jacob Wichman, who immigrated to Philadelphia in 1773
Wichman Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Henry Wichman, who was on record in New York in 1866

Wichman migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Wichman Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Wichman, who was on record in the census of Ontario in 1871

Contemporary Notables of the name Wichman (post 1700)

  • Glenn R. Wichman (b. 1960), American software developer, one of the original creators of the computer game Rogue
  • Adalin Wichman (1922-2013), American sculptor and artist
  • Sharon Lynn Wichman (b. 1952), American gold medalist swimmer at the 1968 Summer Olympics, inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1991
  • Joost Wichman (b. 1978), Dutch gold and bronze medalist professional mountainbiker at the 2011 and 2013 World Championships

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Citations

  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
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