Trevelient History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
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Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Trevelient. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Trevelient family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Trevelient is a local type of surname and the Trevelient family lived in Cornwall, at the manor of Trevelyan, in the parish of St. Veep.
Early Origins of the Trevelient family
The surname Trevelient was first found in Cornwall where this "Cornish family traced to Nicholas de Trevelyan living in the reign of Edward I, whose ancestors were of Trevelyan, in the parish of St. Velap, near Fowey, [in Cornwall] at a still earlier period." 
Another reference states "in 1273 Felicia, wife of William de Bodrugan, confirmed to Andrew, Trevelyan and Cumi and to Nicholas de Trevelyan her son."  Continuing, "Trevelien was [in] 1086 part of the great barony held by Offels from the Earl of Cornwall." 
Little Shelford in Cambridgeshire was home to another branch of the family. "In the chancel of the church is a monument to Sir John de Treville, a Knight Templar, and lord of the manor, with his figure in a recumbent position: a skeleton encased in lead was dug up near the altar in 1824, the hair of it being in a perfect state." 
Alec Trevelyan (006), also known as Janus, was a fictional character and the main antagonist in the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye.
Important Dates for the Trevelient family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Trevelient research. Another 145 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Trevelient History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Trevelient Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Trevelyan, Trevelion, Trevelian, Trevillian and others.
Early Notables of the Trevelient family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Trevelient Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Trevelient family
An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Trevelient or a variant listed above: John Trevellion, who settled in Maryland in 1665; Mary Trevillian who settled in Maryland in 1733 and George Hamilton Trevelyan, who was naturalized in California in 1898..
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- ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
- ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.