Thomson Surname History

The ancient Strathclyde Briton name Thomson is derived from the ancient personal name Thomas, meaning twin.

Early Origins of the Thomson family

The surname Thomson was first found in Ayrshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Inbhir Àir), formerly a county in the southwestern Strathclyde region of Scotland, that today makes up the Council Areas of South, East, and North Ayrshire, where the first listings of the name were found in the early 1300s. They include: John Thomson, "a man of low birth, but approved valour", leader of the men of Carrick in Edward Bruce's war in Ireland in 1318 and Adam Thomson who was listed as Lord of Kylnekylle, Ayrshire c. 1370-80. Closing out that century was Johannes filius Thome who was elected bailie of Aberdeen in 1398. [1]

Important Dates for the Thomson family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Thomson research. Another 180 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1318, 1370, 1461, 1547, 1668, 1700, 1619, 1676, 1799, 1841, 1539, 1608 and 1588 are included under the topic Early Thomson History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Thomson Spelling Variations

Scribes in Medieval Scotland spelled names by sound rather than any set of rules, so an enormous number of spelling variations exist in names of that era. Thomson has been spelled Thomson, Tomson, Tamson, Thomsoun, M'Comie and others.

Early Notables of the Thomson family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was George Thomson (c. 1619-1676), an English physician, medical writer and pamphleteer, leading figure in an attempt to create a "College of Chemical Physicians"; and Charles Poulett Thomson, 1st Baron Sydenham (1799-1841), British politician...
Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Thomson Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Thomson family to Ireland

Some of the Thomson family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Thomson migration to the United States

The number of Strathclyde Clan families sailing for North America increased steadily as the persecution continued. In the colonies, they could find not only freedom from the iron hand of the English government, but land to settle on. The American War of Independence allowed many of these settlers to prove their independence, while some chose to go to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Scots played essential roles in the forging of both great nations. Among them:

Thomson Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edward Thomson who died aboard the "Mayflower" at Cape Cod Harbor in 1620 and was liekly buried ashore
  • Morris Thomson, who settled in Virginia in 1626
  • John Thomson, who arrived in Maryland in 1634 [2]
  • Christopher Thomson, who settled in St. Christopher in 1635 along with Edward
  • James Thomson, who landed in New England in 1651-1652 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Thomson Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Eleanore Thomson, who landed in Virginia in 1714 [2]
  • Anne Thomson, who landed in Virginia in 1714 [2]
  • Dugald Thomson, who settled in New York in 1739, with his wife and four children
  • Dugald Thomson, who arrived in New York in 1739 [2]
Thomson Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Daniel Thomson, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1803 [2]
  • Hugh Thomson, aged 36, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1804 [2]
  • Jane Thomson, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [2]
  • Charles Thomson, aged 55, who arrived in Maryland in 1812 [2]
  • Janet Thomson, who arrived in America in 1822 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Thomson migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Thomson Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Ben John Thomson, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Jane Thomson, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Jacob Thomson U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [3]
  • Mr. James Thomson U.E., (Thompson) who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 he was a member of the Penobscot Association [3]
  • Mr. William Thomson U.E. who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Thomson Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Andrew Thomson, who settled in Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, in 1801 [4]
  • Ann Thomson, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • Catherine Thomson, aged 18, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Perseus" in 1834
  • Mary Thomson, aged 18, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Perseus" in 1834
  • Catherine Thomson, aged 24, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Robert Burns" in 1834
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Thomson migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Thomson Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Francis Thomson, English convict from Devon, who was transported aboard the "Ann" on August 1809, settling in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • John Thomson, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "America" on April 4, 1829, settling in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Mr. James Thomson, Scottish convict who was convicted in Edinburgh, Scotland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Henry Tanner" on 27th June 1834, settling in New South Wales, Australia [7]
  • Mr. Michael Thomson, British Convict who was convicted in London, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 5th November 1835, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land)1836 [8]
  • Andrew Thomson, aged 28, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Palmyra" in 1839 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Thomson migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Thomson Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • A Thomson, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Blenheim
  • Henry Thomson, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1841
  • David Thomson, aged 38, a farm labourer, who arrived in Otago aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" between 1841 and 1850
  • Dian Thomson, aged 35, who arrived in Otago aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" between 1841 and 1850
  • David Thomson, aged 38, who arrived in Otago aboard the ship "Phoebe Dunbar" between 1841 and 1850
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Thomson (post 1700)

  • James Alexander Thomson (1958-1895), American developmental biologist
  • Elihu Thomson (1853-1937), engineer and inventor who was instrumental in the founding of major electrical companies in the United States, United Kingdom and France. American
  • Virgil Thomson (1896-1989), American composer and critic
  • Joseph McGeachy "Joe" Thomson FRSE LLB (1948-2018), Scottish lawyer and academic, Regius Professor of Law (Glasgow) (1991–2005)
  • Dave Thomson (1938-2016), Scottish professional footballer
  • Robert William Thomson (1822-1873), Scottish engineer and inventor of the pneumatic tire
  • David Couper Thomson (1861-1954), Scottish newspaper proprietor
  • Sir Charles Wyville Thomson (1830-1882), Scottish marine biologist
  • Sir John Arthur Thomson (1861-1933), Scottish naturalist
  • Ms. Mary Margaret Thomson L.V.O.,, British former Chairman for Outward Bound International, was appointed the Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order on 8th June 2018 [10]
  • ... (Another 14 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Thomson family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Archibald Thomson, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [11]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Archibald James Thomson (1919-1941), Australian Stoker from Pemberton, Western Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [12]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Hugh Thomson (b. 1920), Scottish Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [13]
HMS Royal Oak
  • James Thomson (1923-1939), British Boy 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [14]

Citations

  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  4. ^ Seary E.R., Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland, Montreal: McGill's-Queen's Universtity Press 1998 ISBN 0-7735-1782-0
  5. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Ann voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1809 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/ann/1809
  6. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 26) America voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1829 with 176 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/america/1829
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/henry-tanner
  8. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 28th January 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1835
  9. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PALMYRA 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Palmyra.htm
  10. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  11. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  12. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  13. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  14. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
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