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The French family name Senegal dates back to the Middle Ages. It was a Norman name given to a seneschal, a steward or official in the household of a sovereign or great noble, to whom the administration of justice and domestic arrangements were entrusted.
The surname Senegal was first found in Normandy (French: Normandie), the former Duchy of Normandy, where this distinguished family held a family seat at Crèvecoeur in the arrondissement of Lisieux where Hamon Le Sénéchal held a strong castle that still remains in the valley of Auge. He was directly descended from Hamon-Aux-Dents, Lord of Thorigny who was killed in the battle of Val-ès-Dunes in 1045. Hamon, his nephew of the family of Crèvecoeur, was present at the battle of Hastings in 1066.
French surnames were subject to numerous spelling alterations depending on the region and time it was used. The early development of the French language relied heavily on borrowing elements and grammar from other languages. For example, Old French was infused with Germanic words and sounds when barbarian tribes invaded and settled in France after the fall of the Roman Empire. Middle French also borrowed heavily from the Italian language during the Renaissance. As a result of these linguistic and cultural influences, the name Senegal is distinguished by a number of regional variations. The many spelling variations of the name include Sénéchal, Le Sénéchal, Sénéschal, Le Sénéschal, Sénécal, Sénégal, Sénécot, Sénécaut, Sénécaux, Seneschal and many more.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Senegal research. Another 105 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1624 and 1719 are included under the topic Early Senegal History in all our PDF Extended History products.
More information is included under the topic Early Senegal Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
France finally gave land incentives for 2,000 migrants during the 1700s. Early marriage was encouraged in New France, and youths of 18 took fourteen-year-old girls for their wives. The fur trade was developed and attracted migrants, both noble and commoner from France. 15,000 explorers left Montreal in the late 17th and 18th centuries, leaving French names scattered across the continent. The search for the Northwest passage continued. Migration from France to New France or Quebec, as it was now more popularly called, continued until 1759. By 1675, there were 7000 French in Quebec. By the same year the Acadian presence in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island had reached 500. In the treaty of Utrecht, the Acadians were ceded by France to Britain in 1713. In 1755, 10,000 French Acadians refused to take an oath of allegiance to England and were deported. They found refuge in Louisiana. Meanwhile, in Quebec, the French race flourished, founding in Lower Canada, one of the two great solitudes which became Canada. Many of this distinguished family name Senegal were prominent in social, cultural, religious and political affairs in France and New France. Amongst the settlers in North America with this distinguished name Senegal were Claude Senecal with his wife Elisabeth and daughter who arrived in Louisiana in 1719; Jean Sénécal (1669), Jean Sénécal (1672), Adrian Sénécal (1680), François Sénéchal (1680), Julien Sénéchal (1754), and Michel Sénécal (1759), all arrived in Quebec from Normandy.
This page was last modified on 27 October 2010 at 13:58.