Pennock History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Cornwall, one of the original six "Celtic nations" is the homeland to the surname Pennock. A revival of the Cornish language which began in the 9th century AD has begun. No doubt this was the language spoken by distant forebears of the Pennock family. Though surnames became common during medieval times, English people were formerly known only by a single name. The way in which hereditary surnames were adopted in medieval England is fascinating. Many Cornish surnames appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames. The name Pennock is a local type of surname and the Pennock family lived in Cornwall, in the parish of St. Pinnock.

Early Origins of the Pennock family

The surname Pennock was first found in Cornwall where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.

Important Dates for the Pennock family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pennock research. Another 83 words (6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pennock History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pennock Spelling Variations

Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Pinnock, Pincock, Pinnick, Pinock, Pinoke and others.

Early Notables of the Pennock family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Pennock Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Pennock migration to the United States

An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Pennock or a variant listed above:

Pennock Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Obediah Pennock, who arrived in Maryland in 1668 [1]
Pennock Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Samuel Pennock, who landed in New England in 1714 [1]
Pennock Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Matthew Pennock, who landed in New York in 1844 [1]

Pennock migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Pennock Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Lieut. Samuel Pennock U.E., (Pennick) (b. 1741) born in Middletown, Middlesex County, Connecticut, USA from Strafford, Vermont, USA who settled in Elizabeth Town [Elizabethtown], Leeds County, Ontario c. 1784 he enlisted in 1777 serving in the Strafford Vermont Militia and Queens Rangers, married Mercy Chapman in 1763 having 9 children [2]

Pennock migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Pennock Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • William Pennock, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
  • Hannah Pennock, aged 30, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lloyds" in 1842
  • Hannah Pennock, aged 7, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lloyds" in 1842
  • John Pennock, aged 2, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lloyds" in 1842
  • William Pennock, aged 1, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Lloyds" in 1842
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Pennock (post 1700)

  • Alexander Mosely Pennock (1813-1876), officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War
  • Stanley Bagg "Bags" Pennock (1892-1916), American football player
  • Herbert Jefferis Pennock (1894-1948), left-handed Major League Baseball pitcher
  • Michael Pennock, American politician, Representative from Minnesota 5th District, 1998 [3]
  • Mabel D. Pennock, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, 1930; Prohibition Candidate for Pennsylvania Secretary of internal affairs, 1934 [3]
  • John H. Pennock, American politician, Justice of New York Supreme Court 3rd District; Elected 1963 [3]
  • Evan T. Pennock, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1932 [3]
  • Adrian Barry Pennock (b. 1971), retired English footballer
  • Robert Pennock (b. 1936), Progressive Conservative party member of the Canadian House of Commons
  • Anthony Pennock (b. 1971), Welsh non-league international goalkeeper

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  3. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 17) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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