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O'neil Surname History



Irish names tend to vary widely in their spelling and overall form. The original Gaelic form of the name O'neil is Ó Néill, which means descendant of Niall, a personal name of Irish origin, thought to mean "champion."


Early Origins of the O'neil family


The surname O'neil was first found in County Tyrone (Irish: Tír Eoghain), the ancient territory of the O'Neills, now in the Province of Ulster, central Northern Ireland, and County Clare where O'Neill was chief of Clan Dalvy and of Tradree, a district in the barony of Inchiquinn. In the 10th century, a branch of this family went to Limerick to assist in the expulsion of the Danes. After one victorious occasion they wore green boughs in their helmets and on their horses' heads signifying their victory.

Early History of the O'neil family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our O'neil research.
Another 108 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1480, 1559, 1530, 1567, 1550, 1616, 1612, 1664, 1694, 1689 and 1689 are included under the topic Early O'neil History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

O'neil Spelling Variations


Those scribes in Ireland during the Middle Ages recorded names as they sounded. Consequently, in this era many people were recorded under different spellings each time their name was written down. Research on the O'neil family name revealed numerous spelling variations, including O'Neill, Neal, Neale, Neales, Neil, Nihill, Niell, O'Nail, O'Neil, O'Niel and many more.

Early Notables of the O'neil family (pre 1700)


Notable amongst the family name at this time was Sir Niall O'Neill who distinguished himself at the Battle of the Boyne; Conn O'Neill, 1st Earl of Tyrone (c.1480-1559) King of Tir Eogain; Shane O'Neill (c.1530-1567), Irish king of the O'Neill dynasty of Ulster; Hugh O'Neill (c. 1550-1616), Earl of Tyrone, also known as the Great Earl...
Another 56 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early O'neil Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the O'neil family to the New World and Oceana


A massive amount of Ireland's native population left the island in the 19th century for North America and Australia in hopes of finding more opportunities and an escape from discrimination and oppression. A great portion of these migrants arrived on the eastern shores of the North American continent. Although they were generally poor and destitute, and, therefore, again discriminated against, these Irish people were heartily welcomed for the hard labor involved in the construction of railroads, canals, roadways, and buildings. Many others were put to work in the newly established factories or agricultural projects that were so essential to the development of what would become two of the wealthiest nations in the world. The Great Potato Famine during the late 1840s initiated the largest wave of Iris immigration. Early North American immigration and passenger lists have revealed a number of people bearing the name O'neil or a variant listed above:

O'neil Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Andrew, Bernard, Charles, Edward, Henry, Hugh, James, John, Michael, and Patrick O'Neil, who arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860

O'neil Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Eleanor O'Neil, aged 42, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • Eleanor O'Neil, aged 20, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • Parmella O'Neil, aged 16, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • Thomas O'Neil, aged 14, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • Abraham O'Neil, aged 7, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the ship "Amynta" from Plymouth, England
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

O'neil Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Rosannah O'Neil, (neê) McCready, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Amphitrite voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1833 with 99 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/amphitrite/1833
  • Henry O'Neil, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Britannia" in 1846 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITANNIA 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Britannia.htm
  • Mary O'Neil, aged 21, a servant, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SEA QUEEN 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850SeaQueen.htm
  • Michael O'Neil, aged 36, a labourer, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SEA QUEEN 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850SeaQueen.htm
  • Kate O'Neil, aged 35, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Sea Queen" in 1850 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SEA QUEEN 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850SeaQueen.htm
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

O'neil Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Mr. Henry O'Neil, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Tobago" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 14th September 1842 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  • Mr. Samuel O'Neil, (b. 1836), aged 24, Scottish farm labourer from Ayrshire travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "William Miles" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st August 1860 [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
    New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  • Mr. John O'Neil, (b. 1835), aged 28, British labourer travelling from London, UK aboard the ship "Brothers Pride" arriving in Lyttelton, South Island, New Zealand on 8th December 1863 [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
    New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  • John O'Neil, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • Lewis O'Neil, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Annie Wilson" in 1863
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name O'neil (post 1700)


  • Kitty Linn O'Neil (1946-2018), American stuntwoman and racer, known as "the fastest woman in the world"
  • Sally O'Neil (1908-1968), born Virginia Louise Noonan, American film actress of the 1920s
  • Chuck O'Neil, American Primetime Emmy Award winning director, known for The Daily Show (1996), The Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear (2010) and Breakfast Time (1994)
  • David "Dave" O'Neil (1874-1947), American poet
  • Albert Leo "Dapper" O'Neil (1920-2007), American politician, member of the Boston City Council for 28 years
  • Jerry O'Neil (b. 1956), American NASCAR race car driver
  • Paul Joseph O'Neil (b. 1953), American former professional NHL and WHA ice hockey center
  • Keith Daniel O'Neil (b. 1980), former American NFL football linebacker from Rochester, Michigan
  • John Thomas O'Neil (1898-1950), American gold medalist rugby union player at the 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics
  • John O'Neil (b. 1915), American painter, educator and writer from Kansas City, Missouri
  • ... (Another 86 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the O'neil family



HMS Hood

  • Mr. Owen O'Neil (b. 1922), Welsh Ordinary Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Flint, Flintshire, Wales, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm

Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)

  • Mary Denice O'Neil (1967-1988), American Student from Bronx, New York, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html

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Citations


  1. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Amphitrite voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1833 with 99 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/amphitrite/1833
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRITANNIA 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Britannia.htm
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SEA QUEEN 1850. Retrieved http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850SeaQueen.htm
  4. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  5. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  6. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  7. ^ Pan Am Flight 103's victims: A list of those killed 25 years ago | syracuse.com. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2013/12/pan_am_flight_103s_victims_a_list_of_those_killed_25_years_ago.html


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