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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The annals of Scottish history reveal that Monroe was first used as a name by ancestors of the Pictish tribe of ancient Scotland. The Monroe family lived near the foot of the river Roe in the Irish county of Derry. The Gaelic form of the name is Rothach, which means a man of Ro or a man from Ro.


Before the first dictionaries appeared in the last few hundred years, scribes spelled according to sound. spelling variations are common among Scottish names. Monroe has been spelled Monroe, Monro, Monrow, Munroe, Munro, Munrow and many more.

First found in Cromartyshire, where they were descended from Donadl O'Kane and his Irish sept, who left their homeland at the mouth of the river Roe, in Ireland and settler in Ferrindonald in Cromarty, in the 11th century. Other historians suggest the name was originally Monrosse, because they were Mountaineers of Ross. In this case, their traditional origin is from the Siol O'Cain, an ancient Pictish tribe descended from Anselan O'Cain in North Moray, which also produced the Buchanans and the MacMillans.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Monroe research. Another 839 words (60 lines of text) covering the years 1210, 1230, 1476, 1651, 1505, 1680, 1602, 1693, 1697, 1729 and 1719 are included under the topic Early Monroe History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 425 words (30 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Monroe Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


In those unstable times, many had no choice but to leave their beloved homelands. Sickness and poverty hounded travelers to North America, but those who made it were welcomed with land and opportunity. These settlers gave the young nations of Canada and the United States a strong backbone as they stood up for their beliefs as United Empire Loyalists and in the American War of Independence. In this century, the ancestors of these brave Scots have begun to recover their illustrious heritage through Clan societies and other heritage organizations. Early passenger and immigration lists reveal many Scottish settlers bearing the name Monroe:

Monroe Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Andrew Monroe, who arrived in Virginia in 1650
  • Daniel Monroe, who landed in New England in 1651-1652

Monroe Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Alexander Monroe, who landed in Georgia in 1736
  • Hector Monroe settled in Barbados in 1745
  • Wm Monroe, who arrived in Virginia in 1749

Monroe Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William Monroe, who landed in Ohio in 1802
  • John William Thomas Monroe, who arrived in Mississippi in 1837
  • Charles Monroe, aged 33, arrived in Mobile County, Ala in 1840

Monroe Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Peter Monroe arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ida Zeigler" in 1863
  • Mary Monroe arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Chile" in 1866


  • Elizabeth Kortright Monroe (1768-1830), American First Lady, wife of American President Monroe
  • Vaughn Wilton Monroe (1911-1973), American baritone singer, trumpeter and big band leader, has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
  • Vernon Earl Monroe (b. 1944), American former professional NBA basketball player
  • Craig "C-Mo" Keystone Monroe (b. 1977), American Major League Baseball outfielder
  • William "Bill" Smith Monroe (1911-1996), American musician, creator of the style "bluegrass"
  • Marilyn Monroe (1926-1962), born Norma Jeane Mortenson, American Golden Globe Award and BAFTA Film Award nominated Hollywood actress
  • Alexander Simmons Monroe (b. 1893), American Democrat politician, Member of North Carolina State Senate 18th District, 1959
  • A. J. Monroe, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Iowa, 1876
  • A. Monroe, American politician, Mayor of Salem, Oregon, 1873
  • Aline Monroe, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Oklahoma, 1956



  • Munro Family by Ronald G. Munro.
  • History and Genealogy of the Lexington, Massachusetts Munroes by Richard S. Munroe.

Monroe Clan Badge
Monroe Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...



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  1. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
  2. Scots Kith and Kin And Illustrated Map Revised 2nd Edition. Edinburgh: Clan House/Albyn. Print.
  3. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  4. Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
  5. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  6. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
  7. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  8. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  9. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  10. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  11. ...

The Monroe Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Monroe Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 December 2015 at 23:22.

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