The old Scottish-Dalriadan name Mcelduff is derived from an old Gaelic personal name
. The Gaelic form of the name is Mac Dhuibh.
Early Origins of the Mcelduff family
The surname Mcelduff was first found in Perthshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland
. MacDuff, the Thane of Fife
, portrayed by Shakespeare as the rival of Macbeth, was a myth created by medieval writers.
However, the first Earl of the name, Gillemichel, did emerge by the time of King David I, and he and his descendants had privileges including the right to crown the King of Scotland and to lead the Scottish army.
The MacDuff family traditionally crowned each monarch. But, they were opposed to Robert the Bruce, who gained the throne in 1306. Duncan MacDuff, the Earl of Fife's sister was sent to perform the task. Isabella MacDuff, Countess of Buchan (died c. 1314), sister of Duncan, Earl of Fife did crown Robert the Bruce in March 1306, much to her chagrin. Bruce was defeated at the Battle of Methven in June 1306, so he sent Isabella and other female relatives but they were betrayed Uilleam II, Earl of Ross. Edward I ordered her to be sent to Berwick-upon-Tweed to be caged as a public spectacle. She was caged for four years and is presumed to have died in captivity.
Lord Macduff, the Thane of Fife, is a character in William Shakespeare's Macbeth. The character kills Macbeth in the final act. It is generally thought that Shakespeare drew the character from the Holinshed's Chronicles (1587.)
Early History of the Mcelduff family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Mcelduff research.Another 166 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1353, 1759, 1296, 1358, 1725 and 1889 are included under the topic Early Mcelduff History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Mcelduff Spelling Variations
Translation in medieval times was an undeveloped science and was often carried out without due care. For this reason, many early Scottish names appeared radically altered when written in English. The spelling variations
of Mcelduff include MacDuff, McDuff, MacDhuibh (Gaelic) and others.
Early Notables of the Mcelduff family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan
from early times was Isobel Macduff (1296-1358), the Countess of Buchan, best known for when she left her husband, the Earl of Buchan and stole his warhorses; William Duff of Braco... Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Mcelduff Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Mcelduff family to the New World and Oceana
These settlers arrived in North America at a time when the east was burgeoning with prosperous colonies and the expanses of the west were just being opened up. The American War of Independence
was also imminent. Some Scots stayed to fight for a new country, while others who remained loyal went north as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestors of all of them went on to rediscover their heritage in the 20th century through highland games and other patriotic Scottish events. The Mcelduff were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records: James MacDuff, who settled in Maryland in 1747; John MacDuff settled in Virginia in 1772.
Contemporary Notables of the name Mcelduff (post 1700)
- John McElduff (1759-1799), birth name of John Duff, American counterfeiter, hunter, scout, and soldier who assisted in George Rogers Clark's campaign to capture the Illinois country
- Barry McElduff (b. 1966), Irish politician