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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2016
The west coast of Scotland and the rocky Hebrides islands are the ancient home of the McKinley family. The root of their name is the personal name Finlay. The Gaelic form of the surname is Mac Fionnlaigh, which means son of Finlay. Thus, McKinley is a cognate of the surname Finlayson.
Spelling variations were extremely common in medieval names, since scribes from that era recorded names according to sound rather than a standard set of rules. McKinley has appeared in various documents spelled MacKinley, MacKinlay, MacKindlay, MacKinly, MacKindley and many more.
First found in Perthshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland, where the surname is still commonly found around Glenlyon and Balquhidder. The earliest known record of the name is from 1493, when Gillaspyk M'Kynlay witnessed legal proceedings involving Archibald, Earl of Argyll.
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our McKinley research. Another 211 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1511, 1675, and 1700 are included under the topic Early McKinley History in all our PDF Extended History products.
Another 32 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early McKinley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.
Some of the McKinley family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 176 words (13 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.
Ancestors of many of the Dalriadan families who crossed the Atlantic still live along the east coast of the United States and Canada. Some Scottish settlers arrived in Canada during the American War of Independence as United Empire Loyalists, while others stayed south to fight for a new nation. The descendants of Scottish settlers in both countries began to rediscover their heritage in the 19th and 20th centuries through Clan societies and highland games. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name McKinley or a variant listed above:
McKinley Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- David McKinley, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1743
- William McKinley, who landed in Maryland in 1767
- Michael McKinley, aged 40, landed in New York, NY in 1775
- Jean McKinley, aged 26, arrived in New York, NY in 1775
McKinley Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Alexander McKinley, aged 23, arrived in New York, NY in 1803
- Mary McKinley, who arrived in America in 1805
- Andrew McKinley, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808
- Henry McKinley, who arrived in Maryland in 1809
- John McKinley, aged 20, landed in Maine in 1812
McKinley Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Andrew McKinley, aged 55, who landed in America from Derry, in 1905
- Alex McKinley, aged 38, who emigrated to the United States from Liverpool, in 1905
- Alex McKinley, aged 24, who landed in America from Glasgow, in 1906
- Annie McKinley, aged 12, who landed in America from Addiewell, Scotland, in 1907
- Annabella McKinley, aged 3, who emigrated to the United States from Burnbank, Scotland, in 1910
McKinley Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Henry McKinley, aged 34, a farmer, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1833
- Sophia McKinley, aged 30, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1833
- Biddy McKinley, aged 3, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1833
- Edward McKinley, aged under 1, arrived in Saint John, NB aboard the ship "Neptune" in 1833
McKinley Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Robert McKinley, aged 20, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Emily"
McKinley Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Thomas McKinley, aged 30, arrived in Hawkes Bay aboard the ship "Clarence" in 1875
- Dinas McKinley arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Zealandia" in 1878
- Harriet McKinley, aged 18, a servant, arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rangitikei" in 1884
- President William McKinley Jr. (1843-1901), American politician, 25th President of the United States (1897-1901)
- William Thomas McKinley (b. 1938), American composer and jazz pianist, awarded a citation from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, a Guggenheim Fellowship, and eight National Endowment for the Arts grants
- William McKinley (1810-1811), American politician, U.S. Representative from Virginia
- General Craig Richard McKinley (b. 1952), USAF American 26th Chief, National Guard Bureau (2008 to 2012), the first officer from the National Guard to ever achieve the grade of a four-star general
- Brigadier-General Edward Brigham McKinley (1895-1963), American Chief Fiscal Officer, Office of the Quartermaster-General (1939-1945)
- David B McKinley (b. 1947), American politician, U.S. Representative for West Virginia (2011-)
- John McKinley (1780-1852), American politician and jurist, U.S. Senator from Alabama (1837) and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (1837-1852)
- Robin McKinley (b. 1952), born Jennifer Carolyn Robin McKinley, American fantasy author, her 1984 novel The Hero and the Crown won the Newbery Medal
- Kenny McKinley (1987-2010), American NFL football wide receiver for the Denver Broncos (2009-)
- B. L. McKinley, American politician, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of California, 1913
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: I love.
- Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
- Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
- Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
- Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
- Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
- Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
- Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
- Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
- Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
- Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
The McKinley Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The McKinley Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.
This page was last modified on 17 March 2016 at 09:23.
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