Macilduff is a very old Scottish name that may even date back to the Dalriadan tribe of Scotland's western coast and Hebrides
islands. It comes from an old Gaelic personal name
. The Gaelic form of the name is Mac Dhuibh.
Early Origins of the Macilduff family
The surname Macilduff was first found in Perthshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Pheairt) former county in the present day Council Area of Perth and Kinross, located in central Scotland
. MacDuff, the Thane of Fife
, portrayed by Shakespeare as the rival of Macbeth, was a myth created by medieval writers.
However, the first Earl of the name, Gillemichel, did emerge by the time of King David I, and he and his descendants had privileges including the right to crown the King of Scotland and to lead the Scottish army.
The MacDuff family traditionally crowned each monarch. But, they were opposed to Robert the Bruce, who gained the throne in 1306. Duncan MacDuff, the Earl of Fife's sister was sent to perform the task. Isabella MacDuff, Countess of Buchan (died c. 1314), sister of Duncan, Earl of Fife did crown Robert the Bruce in March 1306, much to her chagrin. Bruce was defeated at the Battle of Methven in June 1306, so he sent Isabella and other female relatives but they were betrayed Uilleam II, Earl of Ross. Edward I ordered her to be sent to Berwick-upon-Tweed to be caged as a public spectacle. She was caged for four years and is presumed to have died in captivity.
Lord Macduff, the Thane of Fife, is a character in William Shakespeare's Macbeth. The character kills Macbeth in the final act. It is generally thought that Shakespeare drew the character from the Holinshed's Chronicles (1587.)
Early History of the Macilduff family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Macilduff research.Another 166 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1353, 1759, 1296, 1358, 1725 and 1889 are included under the topic Early Macilduff History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Macilduff Spelling Variations
are a very common occurrence in records of early Scottish names. They result from the repeated and inaccurate translations that many names went through in the course of various English occupations of Scotland. Macilduff has been spelled MacDuff, McDuff, MacDhuibh (Gaelic) and others.
Early Notables of the Macilduff family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan
from early times was Isobel Macduff (1296-1358), the Countess of Buchan, best known for when she left her husband, the Earl of Buchan and stole his warhorses; William Duff of Braco... Another 35 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Macilduff Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Macilduff family to the New World and Oceana
Numerous Scottish settlers settled along the east coast of the colonies that would become the United States and Canada. Others traveled to the open country of the west. At the time of the American War of Independence
, some remained in the United States, while those who remained loyal to the crown went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. The highland games and Clan
societies that sprang up across North America in the 20th century have helped many Scots to recover parts of their lost traditions. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Macilduffs to arrive in North America: James MacDuff, who settled in Maryland in 1747; John MacDuff settled in Virginia in 1772.