MacCaulay is a name that comes from the Boernicians
of the Scottish/English Borderlands. It is derived from the son of Amalghaidh,
(an old Irish personal name). The distinguished name MacCaulay is derived from the Gaelic name MacAmhalghaidh
and was generally found in Dumbartonshire
. Alternatively, the name could have come from the Gaelic name MacAmhlaibh
which means son of Amlaib
and in this case, the name was originally derived from the Norse King Olafr.
This latter branch was generally found in the Hebrides.
Early Origins of the MacCaulay family
The surname MacCaulay was first found in at Ardencaple, in Dumbartonshire
. Ardencaple "cape of the horses," was the ancestral home of the Lairds of Ardencaple and is located on the shores of the Gare Loch, in the historical district of Lennox
, county Dumbarton. They were one of the Clans of MacAlpine.
The history of the MacAulay Clan is particularly complex as there are two distinct branches, in addition to an infusion of MacAulays during the reign of Robert the Bruce. The name of Aulay, brother of the Earl of Lennox, is found on the Ragman Rolls, which confirms his pledge of allegiance to King Edward I of England. This branch entered into a bond of manrent with MacGregor of Glenstrae in 1591.
The second branch of this Clan is that of the MacAulays of the Isle of Lewis. These Clansmen claimed descent from Aula (Olaf the Black), who was a thirteenth-century king of the Isles. Their lands were traditional centered around Uig. This branch was probably related to the numerous MacAulays of Ross and Sutherland.
Finally, some members of a branch of the MacAulay Clann from Ireland were invited by Robert the Bruce to Scotland to help in his wars against the English. These last MacAulays may be ancient relatives to those of Ardincaple, Dumbartonshire. It was some while later that the MacAulays were first recognized as a Clan.
Early History of the MacCaulay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our MacCaulay research.Another 54 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1595 and 1767 are included under the topic Early MacCaulay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
MacCaulay Spelling Variations
Since medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, and since there were no consistent rules for the translation of rules from Gaelic to English, spelling variations
are extremely common in Boernician
names of this vintage. MacCaulay has been spelled MacAuly, MacAwley, MacAuley, MacAullay, MacAulley, MacAwlay, MacCaulay, MacCawley, MacGawley, Magawley, Cauley, Caulay, McCamley and many more.
Early Notables of the MacCaulay family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the Clan
from early times was the 'MacCawlis' who appear on the roll of Broken Clans in 1595. Their fortunes fell, the last of their lands of... Another 29 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early MacCaulay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the MacCaulay family to Ireland
Some of the MacCaulay family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 59 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the MacCaulay family to the New World and Oceana
Many of the Boernician-Scottish families who crossed the Atlantic settled along the eastern seaboard in communities that would become the backbone of the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. In the War of Independence
, American families that remained loyal to the Crown moved north into Canada and became known as United Empire Loyalists. The ancestral culture of all of these proud Scottish families remains alive in North America in the 20th century through Clan
societies and highland games. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name MacCaulay or a variant listed above: Andrew MacAuly who landed in Potomac Maryland in 1730; James MacCauley who landed in Charles Town in 1772 with his wife; Kenneth MacAulay who landed in Philadelphia in 1774.
The MacCaulay Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Dulce Periculum
Motto Translation: Danger is sweet
MacCaulay Family Crest Products