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Lancaster is one of the names that was brought to England in the wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Lancaster family lived in the city of Lancaster, in Lancashire.

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The surname Lancaster was first found in Lancashire where they held a family seat as Constables of Lancaster Castle from very ancient times. The chapelry of Milburn, Westmorland is of significance to the family in early times. "The chapel, dedicated to St. Cuthbert, was founded by William de Lancaster, about 1355. Many vestiges of encampments are visible. Howgill Castle, formerly the seat of the knightly families of Lancaster and Sandford, and which, with Grange Hall and Lownthwaite, belongs to the Earl of Thanet, lord of the manor, occupies a commanding situation, half a mile east of the village; some of its walls are 10½ feet thick." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Lancaster include Lancaster, Lancashire, Lancester, Lancoster, Lancastell and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Lancaster research. Another 435 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1068, 1066, 1070, 1114, 1150, 1334, 1618, 1650 and 1717 are included under the topic Early Lancaster History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 34 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Lancaster Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Lancaster family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Lancasters to arrive on North American shores:

Lancaster Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Gowen Lancaster arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Gowen Lancaster, aged 28, arrived in Virginia in 1635
  • Owen Lancaster, who arrived in Virginia in 1639
  • William Lancaster, who landed in Virginia in 1658
  • Antho Lancaster, who landed in Virginia in 1665
  • ...

Lancaster Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Marmaduke Lancaster, who landed in Virginia in 1714

Lancaster Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • William Walter Lancaster, who arrived in New York in 1834
  • Edward, Frederick, John, Joseph, Mary, Richard, Thomas and William Lancaster all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860

Lancaster Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Mr. Christopher Lancaster U.E. who settled in Parr Town, Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Lancaster Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Lancaster, English convict from Chester, who was transported aboard the "Albion" on May 29, 1828, settling in New South Wales, Australia
  • Mark Lancaster, aged 28, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "William Prowse"
  • Sarah Lancaster, aged 18, a domestic servant, arrived in South Australia in 1859 aboard the ship "David McIvor"

Lancaster Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • J Lancaster landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • John Lancaster, aged 25, a cabinet maker, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • William Lancaster arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Andrew Jackson" in 1865
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  • Burton Stephen "Burt" Lancaster (1913-1994), American film actor who came to be regarded as one of the best actors of his generation
  • Penny Lancaster -Stewart (b. 1971), English model and photographer, wife of rock singer Rod Stewart
  • Sir Osbert Lancaster CBE (1908-1986), English cartoonist, author, art critic, and stage designer
  • Gary L. Lancaster (1949-2013), United States federal judge, Assistant District Attorney and lawyer
  • William Newton "Bill" Lancaster (1898-1933), pioneering British aviator
  • Marshall Lancaster (b. 1974), British television, film, and stage actor
  • Geoffrey Lancaster (b. 1954), Australian classical pianist and conductor
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Lancaster Historic Events



Halifax Explosion

  • Miss Theresa  Lancaster (1908-1917), Canadian resident from Protestant Orphanage, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
  • Mr. Gordon  Lancaster, Canadian resident from Protestant Orphanage, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
  • Mr. Thomas  Lancaster, Canadian resident from Protestant Orphanage, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917

HMS Hood

  • Mr. Howard Lancaster (b. 1912), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Walsall, Staffordshire, England, who sailed into battle on the HMS Hood and died on 24th May 1941 in the sinking

HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. Edward Lancaster, British Ordnance Lieutenant, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)

  • Mary Lancaster (1907-1988), Scottish resident of Lockerbie from0, Scotland, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died

RMS Lusitania

  • Miss Dorothy Lancaster, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Montréal, Quebec, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
  • Mr. Francis William Lancaster, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered
  • Miss Annie Lancaster, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Montréal, Quebec, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking
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  • Lancaster, the John Harrison Lancaster Families by Cora Belle Lancaster Kirk.
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Citations



  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Other References

  1. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  2. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  3. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  4. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  5. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1790. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  6. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  7. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  8. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  9. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  10. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Lancaster Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Lancaster Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 11 July 2016 at 14:53.

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