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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

In ancient Scotland, the first people to use Kirkland as a surname were the Strathclyde- Britons. It was a name someone who lived in Cumberland.


The origin of rules governing the spelling of names and even words is a very recent innovation. Before that, words and names were spelled according to sound, and, therefore, often appeared under several different spelling variations in a single document. Kirkland has been spelled Kirkland, Kirkeland, Kirtland and others.

First found in Cumberland, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kirkland research. Another 167 words (12 lines of text) covering the year 1280 is included under the topic Early Kirkland History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Kirkland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Kirkland family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 254 words (18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


The persecution faced in their homeland left many Scots with little to do but sail for the colonies of North America. There they found land, freedom, opportunity, and nations in the making. They fought for their freedom in the American War of Independence, or traveled north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. In both cases, they made enormous contributions to the formation of those great nations. Among them:

Kirkland Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Phillips and Nathaniel Kirkland settled in Lynn Massachusetts in 1635
  • John Kirkland settled in New Jersey in 1685

Kirkland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Charles and George Kirkland both arrived in Philadelphia in 1813 and 1832 respectively

Kirkland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Kirkland, aged 25, a farm servant, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Joseph Rowan"
  • John Kirkland, aged 30, arrived in South Australia in 1854 aboard the ship "Marion"
  • Edward Kirkland, aged 21, a labourer, arrived in South Australia in 1858 aboard the ship "Frenchman"

Kirkland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • W Kirkland landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840


  • Joseph Lane Kirkland (1922-1999), American labor union leader, President of the AFL-CIO for over sixteen years, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Boyd D. Kirkland (1950-2011), American television director of animated cartoons
  • James Hampton Kirkland (1859-1939), second chancellor of Vanderbilt University
  • James Ian Kirkland (b. 1954), American paleontologist and geologist
  • Caroline Kirkland (1801-1864), American writer
  • Gelsey Kirkland (b. 1952), American ballet dancer
  • Father Charles Leonard Kirkland (d. 1912), aged 52, Scottish Second Class passenger from Glasgow, Scotland who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking
  • Marie-Claire Kirkland -Casgrain CM CQ (1924-2016), Canadian lawyer, judge and politician
  • Mr. Arthur George Kirkland (d. 1941), British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died during the sinking
  • Douglas Kirkland (b. 1934), Canadian photographer based in the United States, famous for his 1961 photos of Marilyn Monroe for "Look" magazine



  • The Kirklands of Ayr Mount by Jean Bradley Anderson.
  • The Kirtland-Kirkland Families by Elfrieda A. Kraege.

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Facta non verba
Motto Translation: Deeds not words.


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  1. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  2. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
  3. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  4. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  5. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  6. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  7. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  8. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  9. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
  11. ...

The Kirkland Family Crest was acquired from the archives. The Kirkland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 29 March 2016 at 10:13.

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