The ancestors of the name Kinnerley date back to the Anglo-Saxon
tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Kinnerley family lived in Kinnersley or Kinnerley. Kinnerley is found in Salop (now called Shropshire), and Kinnersley is found in Herefordshire
. The place-names come from a similar root, though. They are both based upon the Old English personal name
Cynheard, with the Old English word leah,
which meant forest clearing, as a suffix. The place-name as a whole meant forest clearing belonging to Cynheard.
Early Origins of the Kinnerley family
The surname Kinnerley was first found in Herefordshire
where, according to an ancient manuscript the family is possessed of a very ancient pedigree. The manuscript reads: "The family of the Kynnersley is very ancient, being seated long before the Norman Conquest
(1066 A.D) in the commune of Hereford in a castle so called at present. In the Domesday Book
it is recorded that when William the Conqueror was possessed of his new kingdom he sent his commissioners throughout ye remote parts thereof (1086,) to knowe how every man held his lands. In which tyme there was an ould gentleman that lived and was owner of Kynnardsley Castle in Hereford by name John de Kynnardsley, and by title a knight (if any knights were before the Conquest). This old gentleman was blind, he had then livving with him twelve sonnes(sons,) whom with himself he armed, and stood in his castle gate, his halberd in his hand, attending the coming of sheriffs and other commisioners from ye king, who being arrived, demanded of him by what tenure he held his castle and lands; ye old knight replyed by his armes, showing to them his halberd."
Early History of the Kinnerley family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Kinnerley research.Another 162 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1130 and 1654 are included under the topic Early Kinnerley History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Kinnerley Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon
surnames like Kinnerley are characterized by many spelling variations
. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Kinnerley include: Keynardsley, Kennersley, Kenersley, Kynnardsley, Kinnardsley, Kinnersley, Kynnersley, Kynersley, Kynersly, Kynnersly, Kinnersly, Kinersly, Kinnersley and many more.
Early Notables of the Kinnerley family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Kinnerley Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Kinnerley family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Kinnerley or a variant listed above: Phillip Kennersley who settled in Virginia in 1635.
The Kinnerley Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Nec opprimere nec opprimi
Motto Translation: Neither to oppress nor to be oppressed.
Kinnerley Family Crest Products