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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


In ancient Scotland, Harkness was a Strathclyde-Briton name for someone who lived in Dumfries. Some believe that the surname Harkness is derived from the Old English words here, which means army, and nss, which means headland or cape.

Harkness Early Origins



The surname Harkness was first found in Dumfriesshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Dhn Phris), a Southern area, bordering on England that today forms part of the Dumfries and Galloway Council Area, where they held a family seat from very ancient times, some say well before the Norman Conquest and the arrival of Duke William at Hastings in 1066 A.D.

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Harkness Spelling Variations


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Harkness Spelling Variations



Prior to the first dictionaries, scribes spelled words according to sound. This, and the fact that Scottish names were repeatedly translated from Gaelic to English and back, contributed to the enormous number of spelling variations in Scottish names. Harkness has been spelled Harkness, Harkniss, Harckness, Hackness, Herkness and many more.

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Harkness Early History


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Harkness Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harkness research. Another 148 words (11 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harkness History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Harkness Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Harkness Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Harkness Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Harkness In Ireland


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Harkness In Ireland



Some of the Harkness family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 267 words (19 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



In such difficult times, the difficulties of raising the money to cross the Atlantic to North America did not seem so large compared to the problems of keeping a family together in Scotland. It was a journey well worth the cost, since it was rewarded with land and freedom the Scots could not find at home. The American War of Independence solidified that freedom, and many of those settlers went on to play important parts in the forging of a great nation. Among them:

Harkness Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Adam Harkness, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1730
  • Thomas Harkness, who arrived in New England in 1733
  • John Harkness, who landed in New York in 1797

Harkness Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Harkness, aged 12, landed in New York, NY in 1803
  • Jane Harkness, aged 36, arrived in New York, NY in 1803
  • James Harkness and his wife and six children settled in New York State in 1803
  • Abigail Harkness, aged 8, arrived in New York in 1803
  • Margaret Harkness, aged 10, arrived in New York, NY in 1803
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Harkness Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Eliz Harkness, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Walter Harkness, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750

Harkness Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • William Harkness, aged 28, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838

Harkness Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • John Harkness arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Lilford" in 1839 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY LILFORD 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839LadyLilford.htm
  • William Harkness, Scottish convict from Glasgow, who was transported aboard the "Adelaide" on April 16, 1855, settling in Western Australia [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855

Harkness Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • W Harkness landed in Nelson, New Zealand in 1842
  • Thomas Harkness arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Black Eagle" in 1861
  • Thomas Harkness, aged 22, a labourer, arrived in Bluff, New Zealand aboard the ship "Christian McAusland" in 1875

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Contemporary Notables of the name Harkness (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Harkness (post 1700)



  • Georgia Elma Harkness (1891-1974), American Christian theologian in the Methodist tradition
  • Deborah Harkness (b. 1965), American scholar, novelist and wine enthusiast, best known for her The New York Times best selling novel A Discovery of Witches which begins a trilogy
  • Daniel M. Harkness (1822-1896), American early investor in Standard Oil
  • Charles William Harkness (1860-1916), American philanthropist and heir, son of Stephen V. Harkness
  • Stephen Vanderburgh Harkness (1818-1888), American businessman who was a silent partner with John D. Rockefeller, Sr. in the founding of Standard Oil
  • Anna Maria Harkness (1837-1926), ne Richardson, an American philanthropist, wife of Stephen Vanderburgh Harkness
  • Charles William Harkness (1860-1916), the son of Stephen V. Harkness, eponym of Harkness Tower, Yale University
  • Lamon Vanderburgh Harkness (1839-1915), American businessman and a partner in Standard Oil, Standardbred horse breeder
  • Stephen Vanderburgh Harkness (1818-1888), American businessman who was a silent partner with oil titan John D. Rockefeller, Sr. in the founding of Standard Oil
  • Harvey Willson "H.W." Harkness (1821-1901), American mycologist and natural historian
  • ... (Another 18 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Harkness Historic Events


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Harkness Historic Events




HMS Prince of Wales

  • Mr. William Harkness, British Engine Room Artificer, who sailed in to battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking

RMS Lusitania

  • Mr. William Herbert Harkness, English Assistant Purser from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 15

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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY LILFORD 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839LadyLilford.htm
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 17) Adelaide voyage to Western Australia, Australia in 1855 with 261 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/adelaide/1855

Other References

  1. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  2. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  3. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
  4. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  5. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  6. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  7. Skene, William Forbes Edition. Chronicles of the Picts, Chronicles of the Scots and Other Early Memorials of Scottish History. Edinburgh: H.M. General Register House, 1867. Print.
  8. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  9. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  10. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 1 December 2016 at 17:52.

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