The history of the Hacksfard family name begins after the Norman Conquest
of 1066. They lived at Axford, in the county of Wiltshire
. Checking further we found the name was derived from the Old English words aesc
meaning ash tree
Early Origins of the Hacksfard family
The surname Hacksfard was first found in Wiltshire
at Axford, a hamlet in the Kennet Valley which dates back to 1184 when it was listed as Axeford. The place name literally means "ford by the ash-trees," having derived from the Old English words "aesc" + "ford." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The family held a family seat
at Ramsbury from ancient times. Today, Ramsbury is a village and civil parish that includes the hamlet Axford. It was originally spelt Ramesberrie. Ramsbury at the time of the Domesday Book
was one of the larger holdings in the county of Wiltshire
and consisted of 10 Mills. It was held by the Bishop of Salisbury. It also included Axford's Farm, from which the Axford family name is conjecturally descended. Axford's Farm is noted for its water mill. Axford is also a village in Hampshire
, part of the civil parish of Nutley.
Early History of the Hacksfard family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Hacksfard research.Another 42 words (3 lines of text) covering the years 121 and 1216 are included under the topic Early Hacksfard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Hacksfard Spelling Variations
Anglo-Norman names are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. When the Normans
became the ruling people of England
in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. These languages were more often spoken than written, so they blended freely with one another. Contributing to this mixing of tongues was the fact that medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, ensuring that a person's name would appear differently in nearly every document in which it was recorded. The name has been spelled Axford, Acksford, Ackford, Hackford, Hacksford, Hawksford, Hawkford, Hawkesford and many more.
Early Notables of the Hacksfard family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Hacksfard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Hacksfard family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that plagued their homeland made the frontiers of the New World an attractive prospect. Thousands migrated, aboard cramped disease-ridden ships. They arrived sick, poor, and hungry, but were welcomed in many cases with far greater opportunity than at home in England
. Many of these hardy settlers went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Among early immigrants bearing the name Hacksfard or a variant listed above were: Ephraim Axford who settled in Virginia in 1670; Richard Axford who landed in Maryland in 1660; William Hawksford settled in Maryland in 1775.