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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


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The surname Essex was first found in Middlesex where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. But Saxon surnames survived and the family name was first referenced in the 13th century when they held estates in that shire.

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Essex were recorded, including Essex, Essecks, Esecks, Esex, Essax, Essacks and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Essex research. Another 407 words (29 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1487, 1510, 1513, 1549, and 1600 are included under the topic Early Essex History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 47 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Essex Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Essex family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 111 words (8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Essex family emigrate to North America:

Essex Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • John Essex, who arrived in Virginia in 1636
  • Mary Essex, who arrived in Virginia in 1663

Essex Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Tho Essex, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Thos Essex, who arrived in Virginia in 1714

Essex Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • William Essex, aged 20, landed in Kentucky in 1812

Essex Settlers in United States in the 20th Century


  • Annie Mariah Essex, who landed in Arkansas in 1903

Essex Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Enoch Essex arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • Harriett Essex arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838

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  • Thomas Essex, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1964
  • Paula Anne Essex, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from California, 1972
  • Lew R. Essex, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Wyoming, 1932
  • Helen E. Essex, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1936, 1940
  • Harry Essex, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 1952
  • Clyde Essex, American politician, Representative from Texas 6th District, 1920
  • Trai J. Essex (b. 1982), American offensive lineman for the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League
  • David Essex OBE (b. 1947), English musician, singer-songwriter and actor
  • William Essex (1784-1869), British artist and author


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  1. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  2. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  3. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  4. Lennard, Reginald. Rural England 1086-1135 A Study of Social and Agrarian Conditions. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. Print.
  5. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  7. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  8. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  9. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  10. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  11. ...

The Essex Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Essex Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 25 January 2016 at 13:50.

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