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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2015

Where did the English Essex family come from? What is the English Essex family crest and coat of arms? When did the Essex family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Essex family history?

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Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Essex were recorded, including Essex, Essecks, Esecks, Esex, Essax, Essacks and others.

First found in Middlesex where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. But Saxon surnames survived and the family name was first referenced in the 13th century when they held estates in that shire.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Essex research. Another 407 words(29 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1487, 1510, 1513, 1549, and 1600 are included under the topic Early Essex History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 47 words(3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Essex Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Essex family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 111 words(8 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Essex family emigrate to North America:

Essex Settlers in United States in the 17th Century


  • John Essex, who arrived in Virginia in 1636
  • Mary Essex, who arrived in Virginia in 1663

Essex Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Tho Essex, who landed in Virginia in 1703
  • Thos Essex, who arrived in Virginia in 1714

Essex Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • William Essex, aged 20, landed in Kentucky in 1812

Essex Settlers in United States in the 20th Century


  • Annie Mariah Essex, who landed in Arkansas in 1903

Essex Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century


  • Enoch Essex arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • Harriett Essex arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838

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  • Trai J. Essex (b. 1982), American offensive lineman for the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League
  • David Essex OBE (b. 1947), English musician, singer-songwriter and actor
  • William Essex (1784-1869), British artist and author


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  1. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  2. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  3. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  4. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  5. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  6. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  7. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  8. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  9. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  10. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  11. ...

The Essex Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Essex Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 February 2014 at 20:13.

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