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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016

Where did the English Cranch family come from? When did the Cranch family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Cranch family history?

The name Cranch is of Anglo-Saxon origin and came from when the family lived in the village of Crank in northern Lancashire.

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It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Cranch are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Cranch include: Crank, Cranc, Cranke, Cranch and others.

First found in Lancashire, where they held a family seat from ancient times. The village of Crank is or was near Rainford where there is also Crank Hall and Crank Farm. This would reasonably be the seat of the family name, although they also seemed to have had interest in northern Lancashire in the Silverdale and Furness areas.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cranch research. Another 257 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1121, 1662, 1692, 1746, 1748, and 1826 are included under the topic Early Cranch History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Cranch Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Cranch or a variant listed above:

Cranch Settlers in United States in the 18th Century


  • Richard Cranch, who arrived in New England in 1746

Cranch Settlers in United States in the 19th Century


  • Thomas Cranch settled in New York in 1821

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  • Christopher Pearse Cranch (1813-1892), American writer and artist


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  1. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  2. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  3. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  4. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  5. Mills, A.D. Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4).
  6. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  7. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  8. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  9. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  10. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 27 October 2010 at 13:29.

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