Clavel History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Early Origins of the Clavel family

The surname Clavel was first found in Dorset where Walter de Clavile was listed as a tenant in chief in Dorset and Devon in the Domesday Book. [1] "His male descendants continued to possess lands in the former county till 1774." [2]

A few years later, John Clavel was listed in the Pipe Rolls of Sussex in 1218, Robert Clauel and William Clauel were listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Sussex in 1296 and 1327 respectively.

The name is derived form the Old French word "clavel," which means "keystone of an arch, lintel over a fireplace, especially a beam of wood so used." [3]

The family claim descent from "a baronial family near Clavel, near Rouen [Normandy]. Walter de Clavel held 37 lordships in barony, Devon. In 1165, Walter de Clavel held 10 fees of the Honour of Gloucester. Lomen-Claville was the seat of the barony in Devon. Ralph de Clavel of this family held a fief in Dorset from Alured de Lincoln [in the] 13 century. Various branches of the family continued for ages in Dorset. " [4]

Clavell Tower, also known as Clavell Folly or the Kimmeridge Tower, is a Tuscan style tower built in 1830 by Reverend John Richards Clavell of Smedmore House as an observatory and folly. Born John Richards, the Reverend changed his name to John Richards Clavell after inheriting the estate in 1817. Clavell Tower was the site where Thomas Hardy, the novelist, often took his first love Eliza Nicholl and the tower was the inspiration for Baroness P. D. James's prize winning 1975 novel The Black Tower. Clavell Tower is now owned by The Landmark Trust.

Important Dates for the Clavel family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Clavel research. Another 157 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1218, 1296, 1327, 1510, 1600, 1451, 1166, 1539, 1455, 1487, 1632, 1711, 1711, 1601, 1643, 1625, 1627, 1627, 1639, 1677 and 1677 are included under the topic Early Clavel History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Clavel Spelling Variations

Spelling variations of this family name include: Clavill, Clavell, Claville, Clavile, Clefell, Clafell, Clafile, Clavall, Claville, Clafall, Clavel, Clevell, Cleville, Clevill and many more.

Early Notables of the Clavel family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Robert Clavell (1632-1711), a London bookseller, born at Steeple, Dorset. He also authored treatises. He died at Islington in 1711 and in his will, he was listed as a "citizen and stationer of London." John Clavell (1601-1643) was an English highwayman, author, lawyer, and doctor. In 1625, Clavell was imprisoned in King's Bench Prison as a convicted felon. After serving his time in 1627, he was apprehended, found guilty and sentenced to death. He was pardoned in 1627, thanks to the King and Queen. He fled to Ireland where he married a Dublin heiress, who was...
Another 136 words (10 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Clavel Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Clavel migration to the United States

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Clavel Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • François Clavel, who married Marie-Madeleine Vermet in 1762

Contemporary Notables of the name Clavel (post 1700)

  • Pierre Clavel, French Brigadier General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [5]
  • Dr. Pierre Clavel, Veterinarian, Québec
  • Jean Clavel, engineer, Versailles
  • Jean-Claude Clavel, agricultural engineer, Paris
  • Michel Clavel, physician, Lyon
  • Jacques Clavel, Lawyer, Paris
  • Bertrand Clavel, Physician, Paris

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Citations

  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  5. ^ Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. (Retrieved 2015, February 12) Pierre Clavel. Retrieved from http://www.napoleon-series.org/research/c_frenchgenerals.html
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