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The Irish name Caulfield has been taken as synonym for many other names. The Gaelic form of the name Caulfield was generally Mac Cathmhaoil. The name Caulfield was used by people of the Irish names O Gamhna, O Caibheanaigh and Mac Conghamhna, and Mac Carrghamhna. The Anglicized form of these last four Irish surnames is Gaffney, but for some obscure reason, this has often been changed to Caulfield.

Caulfield Early Origins



The surname Caulfield was first found in Fermanagh (Irish: Fear Manach) in the southwestern part of Northern Ireland, Province of Ulster, where they held a family seat from ancient times. They were directly descended from King Colla da Crioch through the Maguires, Princes of Fermanagh. Castle Caulfield is a large ruined house in Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone. At one time, the building was three stories high with large windows and tall chimney stacks. A wooden joist from the castle eludes to the age of the building as about 1282. The Caulfeild Coat of Arms is still seen over the entrance. Nearby, Sir Toby Caulfeild, 1st Baron Caulfeild (15651627) built a house on the site of an earlier O'Donnelly castle. It was burned in the Irish Rebellion of 1641, but was rebuilt in the 1660s. Today Castle Caulfield is a ruin and declared a State Care Historic Monument.

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Caulfield Spelling Variations


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Caulfield Spelling Variations



Names from the Middle Ages demonstrate many spelling variations. This is because the recording scribe or church official often decided as to how a person's name was spelt and in what language. Research into the name Caulfield revealed many variations, including Caulfeild, Caulkin, Calfkins, Cawlfield, Cawfield, MacCaul, MacCawell and many more.

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Caulfield Early History


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Caulfield Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caulfield research. Another 437 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1565, 1627, 1607, 1587, 1640, 1621, 1642, 1622, 1642, 1624, 1671, 1726, 1682, 1734, 1685, 1716, 1715 and 1717 are included under the topic Early Caulfield History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Caulfield Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Caulfield Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable among the family name at this time was William Caulfeild (1587-1640), 2nd Baron Caulfeild; Toby Caulfeild (1621-1642), 3rd Baron Caulfeild; Robert Caulfeild (1622-1642), 4th Baron Caulfeild; William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount...

Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caulfield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



To escape the religious and political discrimination they experienced primarily at the hands of the English, thousands of Irish left their homeland in the 19th century. These migrants typically settled in communities throughout the East Coast of North America, but also joined the wagon trains moving out to the Midwest. Ironically, when the American War of Independence began, many Irish settlers took the side of England, and at the war's conclusion moved north to Canada. These United Empire Loyalists, were granted land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula. Other Irish immigrants settled in Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, however, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America and Australia. Many of those numbers, however, did not live through the long sea passage. These Irish settlers to North America were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. Irish settlers made an inestimable contribution to the building of the New World. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Irish name Caulfield or a variant listed above, including:

Caulfield Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Mary Caulfield, aged 24, landed in Pennsylvania in 1776

Caulfield Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Caulfield, aged 42, arrived in Georgia in 1812
  • Henry Caulfield settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1821
  • R. Caulfield settled in San Francisco in 1822
  • Mary Caulfield, her husband Thomas and one child, settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1822
  • Mr. Caulfield, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1822
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Caulfield Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Caulfield, who arrived in Saint John Island in 1769

Caulfield Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Rose Caulfield, aged 70, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Cupid" in 1834
  • Ann Caulfield, aged 22, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Cupid" in 1834
  • Sophia Caulfield, aged 24, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838
  • Mrs. A. Caulfield, aged 50 who emigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Wandsworth" departing from the port of Dublin, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle in June 1847 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 18)

Caulfield Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Edward Caulfield arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864

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Contemporary Notables of the name Caulfield (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Caulfield (post 1700)



  • Genevieve Caulfield (1888-1972), blind American teacher who started a school for blind people in Thailand, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Joan Caulfield (1922-1991), American actress and former fashion model
  • Emma Caulfield (b. 1973), born Emma M. Chukker, American actress, best known for her role as Anya Jenkins on the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1998-2003)
  • Leo P. Caulfield, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from West Virginia, 1924
  • John Pershing Caulfield (b. 1918), American politician, Candidate for Mayor of Newark, New Jersey, 1970
  • John H. Caulfield, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from East Windsor, 1912
  • James H. Caulfield Jr. (b. 1875), American Republican politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Kings County 5th District, 1917-22; Candidate for New York State Senate 7th District, 1922
  • Isabelle E. Caulfield, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1924
  • Henry Stewart Caulfield (1873-1966), American Republican politician, U.S. Representative from Missouri 11th District, 1907-09; Judge, Missouri Court of Appeals, 1910-12; Governor of Missouri, 1929-33
  • Bernard Gregory Caulfield (1828-1887), American Democrat politician, U.S. Representative from Illinois 1st District, 1875-77
  • ... (Another 10 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 18)

Other References

  1. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  2. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  3. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  4. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1992. Print.
  5. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  6. Kennedy, Patrick. Kennedy's Book of Arms. Canterbury: Achievements, 1967. Print.
  7. Somerset Fry, Peter and Fiona Somerset Fry. A History of Ireland. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1993. Print. (ISBN 1-56619-215-3).
  8. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  9. Harris, Ruth-Ann and B. Emer O'Keefe. The Search for Missing Friends Irish Immigrant Advertisements Placed in the Boston Pilot Volume II 1851-1853. Boston, MA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1991. Print.
  10. Vicars, Sir Arthur. Index to the Prerogative Wills of Ireland 1536-1810. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  11. ...


This page was last modified on 4 December 2016 at 11:46.

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