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An excerpt from archives copyright 2000 - 2016

The Irish name Caulfield has been taken as synonym for many other names. The Gaelic form of the name Caulfield was generally Mac Cathmhaoil. The name Caulfield was used by people of the Irish names O Gamhna, O Caibheanaigh and Mac Conghamhna, and Mac Carrghamhna. The Anglicized form of these last four Irish surnames is Gaffney, but for some obscure reason, this has often been changed to Caulfield.


The surname Caulfield was first found in Fermanagh (Irish: Fear Manach) in the southwestern part of Northern Ireland, Province of Ulster, where they held a family seat from ancient times. They were directly descended from King Colla da Crioch through the Maguires, Princes of Fermanagh. Castle Caulfield is a large ruined house in Castlecaulfield, County Tyrone. At one time, the building was three stories high with large windows and tall chimney stacks. A wooden joist from the castle eludes to the age of the building as about 1282. The Caulfeild Coat of Arms is still seen over the entrance. Nearby, Sir Toby Caulfeild, 1st Baron Caulfeild (15651627) built a house on the site of an earlier O'Donnelly castle. It was burned in the Irish Rebellion of 1641, but was rebuilt in the 1660s. Today Castle Caulfield is a ruin and declared a State Care Historic Monument.

Names from the Middle Ages demonstrate many spelling variations. This is because the recording scribe or church official often decided as to how a person's name was spelt and in what language. Research into the name Caulfield revealed many variations, including Caulfeild, Caulkin, Calfkins, Cawlfield, Cawfield, MacCaul, MacCawell and many more.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Caulfield research. Another 437 words (31 lines of text) covering the years 1565, 1627, 1607, 1587, 1640, 1621, 1642, 1622, 1642, 1624, 1671, 1726, 1682, 1734, 1685, 1716, 1715 and 1717 are included under the topic Early Caulfield History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


Notable among the family name at this time was William Caulfeild (1587-1640), 2nd Baron Caulfeild; Toby Caulfeild (1621-1642), 3rd Baron Caulfeild; Robert Caulfeild (1622-1642), 4th Baron Caulfeild; William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount...

Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Caulfield Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


To escape the religious and political discrimination they experienced primarily at the hands of the English, thousands of Irish left their homeland in the 19th century. These migrants typically settled in communities throughout the East Coast of North America, but also joined the wagon trains moving out to the Midwest. Ironically, when the American War of Independence began, many Irish settlers took the side of England, and at the war's conclusion moved north to Canada. These United Empire Loyalists, were granted land along the St. Lawrence River and the Niagara Peninsula. Other Irish immigrants settled in Newfoundland, the Ottawa Valley, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The greatest influx of Irish immigrants, however, came to North America during the Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Thousands left Ireland at this time for North America and Australia. Many of those numbers, however, did not live through the long sea passage. These Irish settlers to North America were immediately put to work building railroads, coal mines, bridges, and canals. Irish settlers made an inestimable contribution to the building of the New World. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the Irish name Caulfield or a variant listed above, including:

Caulfield Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Mary Caulfield, aged 24, landed in Pennsylvania in 1776

Caulfield Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Thomas Caulfield, aged 42, arrived in Georgia in 1812
  • Henry Caulfield settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1821
  • R. Caulfield settled in San Francisco in 1822
  • Mary Caulfield, her husband Thomas and one child, settled in Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1822
  • Mr. Caulfield, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1822
  • ...

Caulfield Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • John Caulfield, who arrived in Saint John Island in 1769

Caulfield Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Rose Caulfield, aged 70, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Cupid" in 1834
  • Ann Caulfield, aged 22, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Cupid" in 1834
  • Sophia Caulfield, aged 24, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Prudence" in 1838

Caulfield Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Edward Caulfield arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Owen Glendowner" in 1864

  • Joan Caulfield (1922-1991), American actress and former fashion model
  • Genevieve Caulfield (1888-1972), blind American teacher who started a school for blind people in Thailand, recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Emma Caulfield (b. 1973), born Emma M. Chukker, American actress, best known for her role as Anya Jenkins on the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer (1998-2003)
  • Leo P. Caulfield, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from West Virginia, 1924
  • John Pershing Caulfield (b. 1918), American politician, Candidate for Mayor of Newark, New Jersey, 1970
  • John H. Caulfield, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Connecticut State House of Representatives from East Windsor, 1912
  • James H. Caulfield Jr. (b. 1875), American Republican politician, Member of New York State Assembly from Kings County 5th District, 1917-22; Candidate for New York State Senate 7th District, 1922
  • Isabelle E. Caulfield, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Massachusetts, 1924
  • Henry Stewart Caulfield (1873-1966), American Republican politician, U.S. Representative from Missouri 11th District, 1907-09; Judge, Missouri Court of Appeals, 1910-12; Governor of Missouri, 1929-33
  • Bernard Gregory Caulfield (1828-1887), American Democrat politician, U.S. Representative from Illinois 1st District, 1875-77
  • ...



    Other References

    1. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    2. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
    3. Rasmussen, Louis J. . San Francisco Ship Passenger Lists 4 Volumes Colma, California 1965 Reprint. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1978. Print.
    4. Donovan, George Francis. The Pre-Revolutionary Irish in Massachusetts 1620-1775. Menasha, WI: Geroge Banta Publsihing Co., 1932. Print.
    5. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
    6. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    7. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
    8. Kennedy, Patrick. Kennedy's Book of Arms. Canterbury: Achievements, 1967. Print.
    9. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of Ireland. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1969. Print.
    10. Johnson, Daniel F. Irish Emigration to New England Through the Port of Saint John, New Brunswick Canada 1841-1849. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1996. Print.
    11. ...

    This page was last modified on 15 March 2016 at 20:21.

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