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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Tyrer family come from? What is the English Tyrer family crest and coat of arms? When did the Tyrer family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Tyrer family history?

Tyrer is a name of Anglo-Saxon origin. It was a name given to a stubborn or obstinate person. The surname Tyrer is derived from the Old French word tirer, which means to draw. This is used in the same sense as the word tirand, which means "one who pulls on the reins;" thus it may be that it was used as a nickname for a stubborn person, before coming to be used as a hereditary surname.

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Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Tyrer were recorded, including Tyrell, Terrell, Terrill, Tyrill, Turrell, Tirell, Tyrrell and many more.

First found in Essex where one of the first records of the name is Walter Tirel III, (1065-c. 1100), Castellan of Pontoise and Lord of Poix, son of Walter Tirell II. [1] He is remembered for his involvement in the death of King William II (William Rufus) on a hunting trip in the New Forest on August 2nd, 1100. Some say it was an accident when Walter shot an arrow at a stag which glanced from the beast and struck King William II, while others disagree. However, accordingly to chroniclers of the time, they parted at the beginning of the hunt on good terms, but the king was later found with one of the arrows given to Walter by the king in his chest. There is a stone in the Forest at Stoney Cross marking the spot where the King fell. Walter's grandson Hugh Tyrrel (died 1199) took part in the Norman Conquest of Ireland where he became the first Baron of Castleknock and later took part in the Third Crusade.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Tyrer research. Another 153 words(11 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1423, 1450, 1502, 1502, 1597, 1676, 1661, 1676, 1617, 1701, 1643, 1718, 1642, 1718, 1623 and 1676 are included under the topic Early Tyrer History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 229 words(16 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Tyrer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Tyrer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 65 words(5 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Tyrer family emigrate to North America:

Tyrer Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • James Tyrer, aged 35, who emigrated to America, in 1895
  • Thomas Tyrer, aged 19, who emigrated to the United States from Liverpool, in 1896

Tyrer Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century


  • Thomas Tyrer, aged 62, who landed in America from London, in 1904
  • Mary Tyrer, aged 64, who emigrated to the United States from London, in 1904
  • Jane Tyrer, aged 57, who emigrated to the United States from London, in 1904
  • Charles Taylor Tyrer, aged 48, who settled in America from Liverpool, in 1904
  • Bartholomew Tyrer, aged 30, who emigrated to the United States from Liverpool, England, in 1907


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  • James Efflo Tyrer (1939-1980), American AFL football offensive tackle
  • Stephen Tyrer (b. 1989), English rugby league footballer
  • Anderson Tyrer (1893-1962), English concert pianist
  • Arthur Spencer Tyrer (b. 1931), English former professional footballer


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  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)

Other References

  1. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  2. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  3. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  4. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  5. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  7. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  8. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  9. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  10. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  11. ...

The Tyrer Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Tyrer Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 28 October 2013 at 14:41.

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