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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the Scottish Stirling family come from? What is the Scottish Stirling family crest and coat of arms? When did the Stirling family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Stirling family history?

The current generations of the Stirling family have inherited a surname that was first used hundreds of years ago by descendants of the ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts. The Stirling family lived in the town of Stirling in the county of the same name. Stirling was a royal residence from 1226.

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Scribes in the Middle Ages did not have access to a set of spelling rules. They spelled according to sound, the result was a great number of spelling variations. In various documents, Stirling has been spelled Stirling, Sterling, Sturling, Strivelynd and others.

First found in Stirlingshire, where they held a family seat at Stirling from very early times, some say, well before the Norman Conquest. The name was anciently spelt Stryvelin, and one of the first references was of Gilbertus de Striuelin who witnessed the donation of Perdeyc by King David to the church of Glasgow in 1136 and Walter de Stryvelin witnessing a deed by Prince Henry, son of King David 1st of Scotland in the same year. Peter de Striuelin was witness to the donation of the church of Karreden to the abbey of Hollyrood around 1158. Thomas de Stervlen was witness to a charter made by King Alexander II in 1224 and was Archdeacon of Glasgow in 1228. Sir Gilbert de Striuelyng witnessed legal proceedings in Aberdeen around 1250. Sir John Stirling of Moray swore fealty in 1291, and Andreu de Strivelyn and Henry de Strivelyn both swore an oath of allegiance to King Edward I of England during the latter's short conquest of Scotland in 1296. The Stirlings of Keir, where the Clan seat resides, claim to have an unbroken line of chiefs that stretches from 1160 to 1677. Sir Alexander de Strivelyn, the fifth Laird of Cadder died in 1304.


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Stirling Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Stirling research. Another 160 words(11 lines of text) covering the years 1524, 1621, 1640, 1666, 1669, 1678, 1692, 1770, 1790, and 1878 are included under the topic Early Stirling History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Stirling Early Notables



Another 41 words(3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Stirling Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Stirling In Ireland



Some of the Stirling family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 154 words(11 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The cruelties suffered under the new government forced many to leave their ancient homeland for the freedom of the North American colonies. Those who arrived safely found land, freedom, and opportunity for the taking. These hardy settlers gave their strength and perseverance to the young nations that would become the United States and Canada. Immigration and passenger lists have shown many early immigrants bearing the name Stirling:

Stirling Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Robert Stirling, who landed in New England in 1727
  • Will Stirling, who arrived in Georgia in 1739
  • William Stirling, who landed in New York, NY in 1774
  • William Stirling with his wife and two children settled in New York State in 1774


Stirling Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • David Stirling, who arrived in New York in 1810
  • Martha Stirling, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1811
  • Thomas Stirling, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1811
  • Charles Stirling, aged 15, landed in New York, NY in 1835
  • Hugh B Stirling, who arrived in Virginia in 1840


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  • Matthew Williams Stirling (1896-1975), American ethnologist and archaeologist
  • Linda Stirling (1921-1997), American showgirl, model, and actress
  • Stephen Michael Stirling (b. 1953), Canadian-American science fiction and fantasy author
  • Colonel Sir Archibald David Stirling DSO, DFC, OBE (1915-1990), Scottish laird, mountaineer, World War II British Army officer, and the founder of the Special Air Service
  • Rachael Stirling (b. 1977), English actress
  • Sir Edward Charles Stirling (1848-1919), Australian anthropologist and the first professor of physiology at the University of Adelaide
  • Elizabeth Stirling (1819-1895), English organist
  • Geoffrey William "Geoff" Stirling (1921-2013), Canadian businessman, owner of Stirling Communications International, inducted into the CAB Broadcast Hall of Fame in 2001


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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Gang forward
Motto Translation: Go forward.

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Stirling Clan Badge
Stirling Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Stirling
Stairline, Stairling, Stairlink, Sterline, Sterling, Sterlink, Sterlline, Sterlling, Sterllink, Steuline, Steuling, Steulink, Stewline, Stewling, Stewlink, Stirine, Stiring, Stirink, Stirline, Stirling, Stirlink, Strifelan, Strifeland, Strifelane, Strifelant, Strifelen, Strifelend, Strifelent, Strifelind, Strifelint, Strifelyn, Strifelynd, Striffelan, Striffeland, Striffelane, Striffelant, Striffelen, Striffelend, Striffelent, Striffelind, Striffelint, Striffelyn, Striffelynd, Strivelan, Striveland, Strivelane, Strivelant, Strivelen, Strivelend, Strivelent and more.

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  1. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  2. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  3. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  4. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
  5. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  6. Bell, Robert. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff, 1988. Print. (ISBN 10-0856404160).
  7. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
  8. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  9. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  10. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  11. ...

The Stirling Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Stirling Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 6 September 2014 at 16:57.

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