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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Squires family come from? What is the English Squires family crest and coat of arms? When did the Squires family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Squires family history?

Squires is one of the many new names that came to England following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Squires is for a squire. Looking back even further, we found the name was originally derived from the Old French word escuyer, which indicated someone of the social rank immediately below a knight.


Endless spelling variations are a prevailing characteristic of Norman surnames. Old and Middle English lacked any definite spelling rules, and the introduction of Norman French added an unfamiliar ingredient to the English linguistic stew. French and Latin, the languages of the court, also influenced spellings. Finally, Medieval scribes generally spelled words according to how they sounded, so one person was often referred to by different spellings in different documents. The name has been spelled Squire, Squair, Skair, Skuyer, Squires and others.

First found in Worcestershire where they held a family seat from very early times as Lords of the manor of Hanbury, and also estates in Devon, which were granted by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Squires research. Another 210 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1387, and 1700 are included under the topic Early Squires History in all our PDF Extended History products.


More information is included under the topic Early Squires Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Squires family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 89 words(6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


To escape the political and religious persecution within England at the time, many English families left for the various British colonies abroad. The voyage was extremely difficult, though, and the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving. But for those who made it, the trip was most often worth it. Many of the families who arrived went on to make valuable contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families reveals a number of immigrants bearing the name Squires or a variant listed above:

Squires Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century

  • Nicholas Squires settled in Virginia in 1654
  • Nich Squires, who landed in Virginia in 1654
  • Mary Squires, who arrived in Maryland in 1674
  • Elizabeth Squires, who landed in Maryland in 1674
  • Ethelia Squires, who arrived in Maryland in 1674

Squires Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • George Squires settled in Maryland in 1775

Squires Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Jonathan Squires, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1807
  • Mr. Squires, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1822
  • L Squires, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • M L Squires, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • Thomas Squires, aged 16, arrived in New York in 1854


  • Sergeant John C. Squires (1925-1944), American soldier awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor in 1944
  • William "Bill" Squires, American Track & Field Coach for the Greater Boston Track club, recipient of the Bill Bowerman award (2002)
  • Raymond G. Squires CM (1927-2007), Canadian businessman and retired senator made a Member of the Order of Canada in 1997
  • Sir Richard Anderson Squires (1880-1940), Prime Minister of Newfoundland from 1919 to 1923 and 1928 to 1932
  • Gerald Leopold Squires (b. 1937), Newfoundland and Labrador artist


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Tiens ferme
Motto Translation: Hold firm.


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  1. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  2. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  3. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  4. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  5. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
  6. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry: Including American Families with British Ancestry. (2 Volumes). London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
  8. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  9. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  10. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  11. ...

The Squires Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Squires Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 13 June 2014 at 21:40.

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