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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Rutland family come from? What is the English Rutland family crest and coat of arms? When did the Rutland family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Rutland family history?

Rutland is a name that came to England in the 11th century wave of migration that was set off by the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Rutland family lived in a number of locations bearing the name Rutland in the counties of Derbyshire, Cornwall, Surrey, and Cumberland, as well as the county of Rutland itself. Rutland is a classic example of an English polygenetic surname, which is a surname that was developed in a number of different locations and adopted by various families independently.

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Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence in the eras before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate regularly changed the spellings of their names as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Rutland have been found, including Rutland, Ritland, Rotland, Rutlane, Ratland, Ruttland, Rutlland, Roushland and many more.

First found in Surrey where they held a family seat. Strangely, all the research on this name has produced little that can identify the surname with that of the county of Rutland, England's smallest and most central county. The name should also not be confused with the ancient titles of the Earl and Duke of Rutland, who were not in fact of the surname Rutland. The family name was anciently seated as Lords of the Manor of Mitcham in Surrey. At the time of the taking of the Domesday Book, [1] a survey initiated by Duke William of Normandy in 1086 after his conquest of England at Hastings in 1066 A.D., Mitcham was recorded as being held by the Canons of Bayeux who held it from the Bishop of Bayeux. The village of Mitcham consisted of one half a mill, a rating not uncommon, and was anciently famous for being the scene of lavender fields.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rutland research. Another 162 words(12 lines of text) covering the year 1782 is included under the topic Early Rutland History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Rutland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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For many English families, the social climate in England was oppressive and lacked opportunity for change. For such families, the shores of Ireland, Australia, and the New World beckoned. They left their homeland at great expense in ships that were overcrowded and full of disease. Many arrived after the long voyage sick, starving, and without a penny. But even those were greeted with greater opportunity than they could have experienced back home. Numerous English settlers who arrived in the United States and Canada at this time went on to make important contributions to the developing cultures of those countries. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Rutland were among those contributors:

Rutland Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Richard Rutland who settled in Virginia in 1641
  • Rich Rutland, who landed in Virginia in 1641
  • Margaret Rutland, who landed in Maryland in 1654
  • Mary Rutland, who arrived in Virginia in 1657
  • Edmond Rutland, who landed in Virginia in 1658

Rutland Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Simon Rutland, who arrived in Virginia in 1702
  • Edward Rutland settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1765

Rutland Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Agnes Rutland settled in New York State in 1823
  • George Rutland, who arrived in New York, NY in 1835

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  • John James Robert Manners Rutland (1818-1906), English politician


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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Post praeilia praemia
Motto Translation: Reward after battle.

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  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  2. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  3. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  4. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  5. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  6. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  7. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  8. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  9. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  10. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  11. ...

The Rutland Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Rutland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 27 October 2010 at 13:57.

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