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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the German Rauh family come from? What is the German Rauh family crest and coat of arms? When did the Rauh family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Rauh family history?

The ancestral home of the Rauh family is in the German province of Bavaria. Rauh is a German nickname surname. Such names came from eke-names, or added names, that described their initial bearer through reference to a physical characteristic or other attribute. It is a name for a shaggy or unkempt person, stemming from the German word "rauch," meaning "rough, hairy." As with many early names such as this, the reference was often in jest. More likely, the origin is in reference to the smoke generated by smithies and thereby would be a trade name. The name was translated to English when the first settlers immigrated to North America, giving rise to such variations as "Smoak" or "Smoke."

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In the medieval era, many different cultural groups lived in the German states. There are thus many regional variations of German surnames from that era. Westphalians spoke Low German, which is similar to modern Dutch. Many German names carry suffixes that identify where they came from. Others have phrases attached that identify something about the original bearer. Other variations in German names resulted from the fact that medieval scribes worked without the aid of any spelling rules. The spelling variations of the name Rauh include Raucher, Rauche, Raeuchlin, Reuchlin, Raeuchle, Rauck, Raucker, Raucke, Rauk, Rauker, Rauke, Smoak, Smoke, Ruch and many more.

First found in Bavaria, where the name was anciently associated with the tribal conflicts of the area. Literally, the name refers to the smoke generated by smithies. For instance, a smith in Zurich was known as "Meister Roeuchli," literally "Mister Smoke," around 1468. The various branches of the Rauch and Raeuchlin families declared allegiances to many nobles and princes of early history, lending their influence in struggles for power and status within the region.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Rauh research. Another 207 words(15 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1522, 1740, 1743, 1745, 1808, and 1814 are included under the topic Early Rauh History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 89 words(6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Rauh Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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The great European flow of migration to North America, which began in the middle of the 17th century and continued into the 20th century, was particularly attractive to those from Bavaria who wished to escape either poverty or religious persecution. For many Bavarian tenant farmers, the chance to own their own land was a major incentive. So the widespread colonization of the United States began in 1650, when many immigrants from Germany settled in pockets in Pennsylvania, Texas, New York, Illinois, and California. In Canada, German settlement centered in Ontario and the prairie provinces. Among those of this surname listed in various historical records were:

Rauh Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Nicolaus Rauh, who landed in New York, NY in 1709
  • Johann Michael Rauh, who arrived in Frederick County, Maryland in 1728
  • Matthias Rauh, who arrived in America in 1778

Rauh Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Anna M Rauh, aged 54, arrived in New Orleans, La in 1845
  • Christopher Rauh, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1847
  • Jos Rauh, aged 27, landed in Missouri in 1848
  • Friedrich Rauh, who arrived in America in 1857
  • George Rauh, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1879

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  • Werner Rauh (1913-2000), German botanist and author
  • Paul-Hubert Rauh (1913-2005), German Luftwaffe night fighter ace with 31 aerial victories, recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross


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  1. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  2. Bentley, Elizabeth P. Passenger Arrivals at the Port of New York 1820-1829. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999. Print.
  3. Zoder, Rudolf. Familiennamen in Ostfalen. Hildesheim: Geog Olms Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1968. Print.
  4. Oswald, G. Lexicon der Heraldik. Leipzig: 1984. Print.
  5. Rolland, and H.V. Rolland. Illustrations to the Armorial general by J. B. Rietstap 6 volumes in 3. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1976. Print.
  6. Bahlow, Hans (Edda Gentry trns). Dictionary of German Names . Madison, Wisconsin: Max Kade Institute, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-924119-35-7).
  7. Bahlow, Hans. Deutschlands geographische Namenwelt Etymologisches Lexikon der Fluss- und Ortsnamen alteuropaischer Herkunft. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp, 1985. Print.
  8. Hildenbrand, A.M. Wappenfibel. Handbuch der Heraldik. Neustadt an der Aisch: 1970. Print.
  9. Steed, Henry Wickham . The Hapsburg Monarchy. London: Constable and Company, 1919. Print.
  10. Kneschke, Dr. Ernest Heinrich. Neues allgemeines Deutsches Adels-Lexicon 9 Volumes New General German Aristocracy Lexicon. Leipzig: Friedrich Voigt, 1859. Print.
  11. ...

The Rauh Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Rauh Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 11 September 2012 at 22:16.

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