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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Randolph family come from? What is the Scottish Randolph family crest and coat of arms? When did the Randolph family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Randolph family history?

The saga of the Randolph family name begins among the people of an ancient Scottish tribe called the Picts. The Randolph name is derived from the personal name, Randolph which contained elements that translated to shield and wolf. Randolph is a patronymic surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. Many patronymic surnames were formed by adopting the given name of an ancestor of the bearer, while others came from popular religious names, and from the names of secular heroes.

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Repeated and inaccurate translation of Scottish names from Gaelic to English and back resulted in a wide variety of spelling variations with single names. Randolph has appeared Randolph, Randolf and others.

First found in Moray, where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Randolph research. Another 173 words(12 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1332, 1605, and 1635 are included under the topic Early Randolph History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 37 words(3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Randolph Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Many Scottish families suffered enormous hardships and were compelled to leave their country of birth. They traveled to Ireland and Australia, but mostly to the colonies of North America, where many found the freedom and opportunity they sought. It was not without a fight, though, as many were forced to stand up and defend their freedom in the American War of Independence. The ancestors of these Scots abroad have rediscovered their heritage in the last century through the Clan societies and other organizations that have sprung up across North America. Immigration and passenger ship lists show some important early immigrants bearing the name Randolph:

Randolph Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Milward Randolph, who arrived in Virginia in 1621
  • Edward Randolph, who arrived in Barnstable, Massachusetts in 1630
  • Henry Randolph, who came to Virginia in 1642
  • William Randolph, who arrived in Jamestown, VA in 1672
  • Henry Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1673


Randolph Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Merryman Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • Richard Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • William Randolph, who landed in Virginia in 1711
  • Timothy Randolph, who arrived in Georgia in 1737

Randolph Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Lewis Randolph, aged 28, arrived in New York in 1812
  • John and Michael Randolph settled in New York in 1822
  • John Randolph settled in New York in 1822 along with Michael
  • Thomas Randolph, who landed in America in 1828
  • Robert Randolph, who arrived in Texas in 1835


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  • Asa Philip Randolph (1889-1979), American socialist in the labor movement and the civil rights movement
  • Anders Randolph (1870-1930), Danish American actor in American films from 1913 to 1931
  • Jennings Randolph (1902-1998), American politician from West Virginia
  • Arthur Raymond Randolph (b. 1943), American federal judge
  • Edmund Jennings Randolph (1753-1813), American attorney and Governor of Virginia
  • John Randolph (1773-1833), American statesman
  • Vance Randolph (1892-1980), famous American folklorist
  • Jane Randolph (1915-2009), American film actress
  • Joyce Randolph (b. 1924), American actress, best known for playing Trixie Norton on The Honeymooners
  • "Boots" Homer Lomer Randolph (1927-2007), American musician best known for his 1963 saxophone hit, "Yakety Sax"

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  • Edward Fitz Randolph Branch Lines, Allied Families, and English and Norman Ancestry by Oris Hugh Fitz Randolph.
  • The Randolphs of Virginia by Jonathan Daniels.
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  1. Dorward, David. Scottish Surnames. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1995. Print.
  2. Chadwick, Nora Kershaw and J.X.W.P Corcoran. The Celts. London: Penguin, 1970. Print. (ISBN 0140212116).
  3. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  4. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
  5. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  6. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  7. Martine, Roddy, Roderick Martine and Don Pottinger. Scottish Clan and Family Names Their Arms, Origins and Tartans. Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1992. Print.
  8. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
  10. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Randolph Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Randolph Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 26 March 2014 at 11:40.

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