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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright © 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: Jewish, Scottish

Where did the Scottish Pollock family come from? What is the Scottish Pollock family crest and coat of arms? When did the Pollock family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Pollock family history?

Among the all the peoples of ancient Scotland, the first to use the name Pollock were the Strathclyde- Britons. It was a name for someone who lived at Pollok (Gaelic:Pollag), a large district on the south-western side of the city of Glasgow, home to Crookston Castle, where Mary, Queen of Scots, was once held. The name of the town has Gaelic origins, from the word 'poll', meaning "pool" or "pit".

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The variation in the spelling of Medieval names is a result of the lack of spelling rules in the English language prior to the last few hundred years. Before that time, scribes spelled according to sound, often varying the spelling of name within a single document. Pollock has appeared as Pollock, Pollocke, Polk, Polke, Pollok, Pollick, Polloch, Pook, Pooke, Poock, Pogue, Poag, Poage, Poague, Poak and many more.

First found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Frił), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland, where the first occurrence of the name is Peter, son of Fulbert or Fulburt who was granted the lands of Upper Pollock by the High Steward, and who took the surname from the lands, making him the first Pollock. Peter gave the church of Pulloc and its pertinents to the monastery of Paisley, sometime between 1177 and 1199. Within that same period of time, he also confirmed the charter of his brother Helias of Perthic to the same house. Peter also possessed lands in Moray and circa 1175, he witnessed the charter by William the Lion granting Burgin to the Abbey of Kinlos. Circa 1230, Murial de Polloc, a daughter of Peter, gifted her land of Inuerorkel and all its pertinents for the benefit of the hospital erected beside the bridge of Spey for the reception of travelers. Continuing this pattern of generosity, Robert de Pollok granted to the monastery of Paisley, during the reign of Alexander II, alms of twelve pennies a year from the rents he earned from his lands. Other important Pollocks include John Pollok who was both steward of the Abbey of Arbroath and sheriff of Forfar.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pollock research. Another 300 words(21 lines of text) covering the years 1234, 1272, 1590, 1603, and 1827 are included under the topic Early Pollock History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Pollock Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Pollock family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 300 words(21 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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As the persecution of Clan families continued, they sailed for North America in increasing numbers. In most cases, they found the freedom and opportunity they sought. Land was often available and the American War of Independence allowed Scots an opportunity to solidify their independence from the English crown. These settlers and their ancestors went on to play essential roles in the forging of the nations of the United States and Canada. Among them:

  • Robert Pollock of Ayrshire who migrated to the United States, and was a direct ancestor of President James Knox Polk

Pollock Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Bearer of Pollock include John Pollock, who came to Perth Amboy, NJ in 1685
  • John Pollock, who landed in Perth Amboy, NJ in 1685
  • Bessie Pollock, arrived in America in 1695

Pollock Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century


  • Charles Pollock, who arrived in America in 1783
  • Carlisie Pollock, who landed in New York in 1789
  • James Pollock, aged 48, landed in New York in 1798

Pollock Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • James Pollock, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1802
  • Jane Pollock, aged 30, arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805
  • Gavin Pollock, aged 26, arrived in Kentucky in 1812
  • Mary Pollock, aged 38, arrived in Maine in 1812
  • Samuel Pollock, aged 25, arrived in New York in 1812


Pollock Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century


  • Benjamin Pollock, who arrived in Mississippi in 1902

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  • Channing Pollock (1880-1946), American author and drama critic
  • Jackson Pollock (1912-1956), American abstract expressionist painter
  • James Pollock (1810-1890), American politician, governor of Pennsylvania from 1855-1858
  • Captain Edwin Taylor Pollock (1870-1943), American sailor awarded the Navy Cross during WW1
  • Eileen "Mike" Pollock (1926-2012), American television screenwriter and producer
  • Jessie Pollock, American gold and two time sliver Olympic medalist for archery at the 1904 Summer Games
  • Sir Frederick Pollock (1845-1937), English jurist, writer
  • Robert Pollock (b. 1951), New Zealand actor
  • Shaun Maclean Pollock (b. 1973), retired South African cricketer, captain of the South African cricket team (2000-2003)
  • Sir Jonathan Frederick Pollock PC (1783-1870), 1st Baronet, a British lawyer and Tory politician, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, Attorney General (1834-1835)

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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Audacter et strenue
Motto Translation: Boldly and earnestly.

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Pollock Clan Badge
Pollock Clan Badge

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A clan is a social group made up of a number of distinct branch-families that actually descended from, or accepted themselves as descendants of, a common ancestor. The word clan means simply children. The idea of the clan as a community is necessarily based around this idea of heredity and is most often ruled according to a patriarchal structure. For instance, the clan chief represented the hereditary "parent" of the entire clan. The most prominent example of this form of society is the Scottish Clan system...

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Septs of the Distinguished Name Pollock
Pollick, Polloch, Pollock, Pollok, Poock and more.

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  1. Leyburn, James Graham. The Scotch-Irish A Social History. Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1962. Print. (ISBN 0807842591).
  2. Bain, Robert. The Clans and Tartans of Scotland. Glasgow & London: Collins, 1968. Print. (ISBN 000411117-6).
  3. Filby, P. William and Mary K Meyer. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index in Four Volumes. Detroit: Gale Research, 1985. Print. (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8).
  4. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  5. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and David Hicks. The Highland Clans The Dynastic Origins, Cheifs and Background of the Clans. New York: C.N. Potter, 1968. Print.
  6. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  7. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  8. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
  9. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
  10. Matthews, John. Matthews' American Armoury and Blue Book. London: John Matthews, 1911. Print.
  11. ...

The Pollock Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pollock Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 17 August 2014 at 09:47.

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