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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, Scottish

Where did the English Pike family come from? What is the English Pike family crest and coat of arms? When did the Pike family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Pike family history?

The Anglo-Saxon name Pike comes from when its first bearer worked as a person who made or worked with a pickaxe as a agricultural or excavating tool. Occupational names frequently were derived from the principal object associated with the activity of the original bearer, such as tools or products. These types of occupational surnames are called metonymic surnames.

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Until quite recently, the English language has lacked a definite system of spelling rules. Consequently, Anglo-Saxon surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. Changes in Anglo-Saxon names were influenced by the evolution of the English language, as it incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other languages. Although Medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, so it is common to find one person referred to by several different spellings of his surname, even the most literate people varied the spelling of their own names. Variations of the name Pike include Pike, Pyke and others.

First found in Devon where they held a family seat from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Pike research. Another 127 words(9 lines of text) covering the years 1616, 1706, 1635, 1692 and 1653 are included under the topic Early Pike History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Another 81 words(6 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Pike Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the Pike family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 53 words(4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Searching for a better life, many English families migrated to British colonies. Unfortunately, the majority of them traveled under extremely harsh conditions: overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the ocean. For those families that arrived safely, modest prosperity was attainable, and many went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the new colonies. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Pike or a variant listed above:

Pike Settlers in the United States in the 17th Century


  • Dorothy, John, and Robert Pike who settled in Massachusetts in 1635
  • Robert Pike, who landed in New England in 1635
  • Ann Pike, who arrived in Maryland in 1637
  • Joseph Pike, who arrived in Newbury, Massachusetts in 1638
  • Humphrey Pike, who arrived in Maryland in 1654


Pike Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century


  • Samuel Pike, aged 28, arrived in New York in 1812
  • Benjamin Pike, aged 38, landed in New York in 1812
  • James Pike, aged 16, landed in Portsmouth, NH in 1831
  • Henry Walker Pike, who landed in Mississippi in 1852
  • Charles, Henry, John, and William Pike all arrived in Pennsylvania between 1840 and 1860


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  • Albert Pike (1809-1891), American Freemasonry reformer
  • Kenneth Lee Pike (b. 1912), American ling Uist, founder of tagmemics
  • Sumner Tucker Pike (1891-1976), American administrator, chairman of Atomic Energy Commission (1950)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Emory Jenison Pike (1876-1918), United States Army officer during World War I, recipient of the Medal of Honor
  • Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813), US army officer and explorer, eponym of Pike's Peak
  • Rosamund Pike (b. 1979), English actress known for her role as the villainous Bond girl Miranda Frost in Die Another Day
  • Sir Thomas Pike (1906-1983), Marshall of the Royal Air Force, Chief of Air Staff (1960-1963)


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  • Some Descendants of James Pike of Charlestown and Reading, Massachusetts by Ruth G. Pike.
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  1. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  2. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  3. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  4. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
  5. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  6. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  7. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  8. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  9. Holt, J.C. Ed. Domesday Studies. Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987. Print. (ISBN 0-85115-477-8).
  10. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  11. ...

The Pike Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Pike Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 16 July 2014 at 12:00.

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