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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Where did the English Oxnum family come from? What is the English Oxnum family crest and coat of arms? When did the Oxnum family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Oxnum family history?

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Spelling variations of this family name include: Oxenham, Ockenham, Oakhampton, Okhampton, Ockhampton, Ocksenham, Oksenham, Oxnam, Oxnum, Oxenum, Oxenam and many more.

First found in Devon where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the village and lands of Oakhampton, original called Ochenemitona, held by Baldwin the Sheriff of Devon, a Norman noble, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. There was a castle there which still remains with its Norman keep.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Oxnum research. Another 371 words(26 lines of text) covering the years 1242, 1814 and 1642 are included under the topic Early Oxnum History in all our PDF Extended History products.

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More information is included under the topic Early Oxnum Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.

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Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: William Oxenham, who arrived in Maryland in 1725; Ann Oxenham, who settled in Charles Town, SC in 1765; John Oxenham, who came to Charles Town [Charleston], South Carolina in 1766.

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  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  2. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  3. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  4. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  5. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  6. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  7. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  8. Hitching, F.K and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601-1602. Walton On Thames: 1910. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0181-3).
  9. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  10. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  11. ...

The Oxnum Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Oxnum Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 14 April 2014 at 13:51.

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