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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014

Origins Available: English, German

Where did the English Nichol family come from? What is the English Nichol family crest and coat of arms? When did the Nichol family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the Nichol family history?

Nichol is one of the thousands of new names that the Norman Conquest of 1066 brought to England. It comes from the given name Nicholas. Nicholas derives from the Greek Nikolaos, which is made up of the words nikan, meaning to conquer, and laos, meaning people.


Before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Nichol family name include Nicholl, Niccolls, Nichel, Nichol, Nicholls, Nichols, Nickel, Nickle, Nickles, Nicolls, Nicol, Nycol, Nuckles and many more.

First found in Cheshire, where the family held a family seat from very early times; the Nichols were granted lands by Duke William of Normandy, their liege Lord, for their distinguished assistance at the Battle of Hastings in 1066 A.D.


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Nichol research. Another 203 words(14 lines of text) covering the years 1054, 1307, 1500, 1550, 1589, 1555, 1584, 1559, 1616, 1590, 1668, 1587, 1642, 1619, 1683, 1624, 1672, 1630, 1687, 1672, 1673, 1699, 1778, 1681, 1727, 1727, 1658, 1640, 1640, 1648, 1664, 1712, 1756, 1850, 1779 and 1818 are included under the topic Early Nichol History in all our PDF Extended History products.


Another 301 words(22 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Nichol Notables in all our PDF Extended History products.


Some of the Nichol family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 245 words(18 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products.


To escape the political and religious chaos of this era, thousands of English families began to migrate to the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. The passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe; however, those who made the voyage safely were encountered opportunities that were not available to them in their homeland. Many of the families that reached the New World at this time went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of the United States and Canada. Research into various historical records has revealed some of first members of the Nichol family to immigrate North America:

Nichol Settlers in the United States in the 18th Century

  • Johan Jung Nichol, aged 20, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1739
  • Peter Nichol, aged 21, arrived in Pennsylvania in 1753
  • James Nichol, who settled in Charleston in 1767
  • James Nichol, who settled in Charleston, South Carolina in 1767

Nichol Settlers in the United States in the 19th Century

  • Samuel Nichol, aged 30, landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1822
  • John Nichol, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1831
  • F Nichol, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • W Nichol, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851
  • James Nichol, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851

Nichol Settlers in the United States in the 20th Century

  • William Beecroft Nichol, who arrived in Alabama in 1920


  • Joseph McGinty "McG" Nichol (b. 1968), American film director
  • Muriel Nichol, British politician, Member of the UK House of Parliament for Bradford North from 1945-50
  • Barrie Phillip "bpNichol" Nichol (1944-1988), Canadian poet
  • Helen Nichol, Canadian Olympic badminton player
  • John Nichol (1833-1894), Scottish writer, son of John Pringle Nichol
  • John Lang Nichol (b. 1924), retired Canadian senator
  • John Pringle Nichol FRSE (1804-1859), Scottish astronomer
  • Phil Nichol, Canadian comedian
  • Scott Nichol (b. 1974), Canadian NHL ice hockey player
  • Gene Nichol, former College of William & Mary president


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fide sed cui vide
Motto Translation: Trust, but in whom take care.


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  1. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  2. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  3. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  4. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  5. Fairbairn. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  6. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
  7. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  8. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  9. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
  10. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  11. ...

The Nichol Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Nichol Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 7 December 2013 at 11:01.

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