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Where did the Irwin coat of arms come from? When did the Irwin family first arrive in the United States?

  
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Coat of Arms > Irwin Coat of Arms


Irwin Coat of Arms
 Irwin Coat of Arms
Irwin

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Origin Displayed: Irish

Origins Available: Irish, Scottish

Spelling variations of this family name include: Irvine, Irving, Ervine, Irwin, Erwin and others.

First found in Dumfriesshire where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity seated with manor and estates in that shire.

Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: Alexander Irvine, who set sail from Londonderry for New York on June 5, 1804, aboard the "Live Oak;" Charles and Robert Irvine, who sailed for Charleston, SC from Belfast on Sept 17, 1805 aboard the "Mary.

(From www.HouseOfNames.com Archives copyright © 2000 - 2009)

Motto Translated: No one provokes me with impunity.


Suggested Readings for the name Irwin
Dartown to Fairfield and Beyond: The Descendants of John and Mary Welsh Irwin by Lyndon N. Irwin, Guide to 500 Early Irwin/Ervin etc. Families in the United States by L.M. Irwin.

Some noteworthy people of the name Irwin
  • James Irwin (1930-1991), former NASA Astronaut with over 295 hours in space and the eighth man to walk on the Moon
  • Hale Irwin (b. 1945), American professional (PGA) golfer
  • Kenneth Dale Irwin Jr. (1969-2000), American 1998 NASCAR Winston Cup Rookie of the Year
  • Brigadier-General Constant Louis Irwin (1893-1977), American Commandant Infantry Replacement Training Center Camp Blanding (1943-1944)
  • Major-General Stafford LeRoy Irwin (1893-1955), American Commanding General US Forces Austria (1950-1952)
  • Donald Jay Irwin (1926-2013), American politician, 32nd Mayor of Norwalk, Connecticut (1971-1975), Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Connecticut (1959-1961)
  • Major General Sir James Murray Irwin (1858-1938), Irish born British Army doctor in Sudan, the Boer War and World War I
  • Charles Irwin VC (1824-1873), Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross
  • Geoffrey Irwin (b. 1941), New Zealand archaeologist and historian
  • Steve Irwin (1962-2006), Australian wildlife expert and television personality, nicknamed "Crocodile Hunter"

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Learn More About Irish Surnames


ANCIENT ORIGINS OF IRELAND

According to Irish tradition, the ancient kings of Ireland were the descendants of King Milesius of Spain. Milesius was the grandson of Breoghan, conqueror of Galicia, Andalusia, Murcia, Castile, and Portugal, who was also called Brigus or Brian. Milesius achieved outstanding military success in Egypt, and was given Scota, the Pharoah's daughter, in marriage. When Spain underwent a twenty-six year famine, Milesius sent his uncle Ithe to seek a new homeland, in accordance with an ancient prophecy. After Ithe discovered Ireland, only to be murdered by the resident Tuatha de Danan, his son Lughaide brought his body home to Spain.

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MAJOR FACTS INFLUENCING IRISH FAMILIES AND SURNAMES

The history and people of Ireland are a fascinating subject of study. Ireland is an island of the British Isles, to the west of Great Britain, and it is divided into the Irish Republic and Northern Ireland. Ireland is renowned for its lush green landscape, festive atmosphere and friendly populace. The vibrant culture of the modern Irish is a product of Ireland's ancient history.

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FLIGHT OF THE WILD GEESE

For approximately two centuries, a great number of able-bodied young Irishmen emigrated from Ireland. This migration, which took place over the 17th and 18th centuries, is colloquially known as the 'Flight of the Wild Geese'.

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THE PROVINCE OF CONNAUGHT

Connaught is the westernmost province of Ireland. In the modern era, the spelling changed to Connacht. This province has a population of approximately 424,000 today, and contains the counties of Galway, Leitrim, Mayo, Roscommon, and Sligo. These county names have remained the same since the Middle Ages.

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THE CROMWELLIAN INVASION OF IRELAND

After the clans were banished from the Scottish/English Borderlands in 1603, many clan families emigrated to Ireland, which was nominally called the Plantation of Ulster. The area was particularly attractive to the emigrants because the British parliament had created a land scheme to attract settlers to the area.

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THE PROVINCE OF LEINSTER

Leinster is in the southeast of Ireland, and is the most populous of the four provinces, with approximately 1,500,000 people. This province contains the counties of Carlow, Dublin, Kilkenny, Laois (formerly Leix), Longford, Louth, Meath, Offaly, Westmeath, Wexford, and Wicklow. These divisions have remained the same from the Middle Ages to the present.

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THE PROVINCE OF MUNSTER

Munster is the southernmost of the four Irish provinces.

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PLANTATION OF ULSTER

During the early 17th century, the Plantation of Ulster was an attractive area of settlement for migrants within the British Empire. The Plantation was composed of six entire counties, namely, Armagh, Tyrone, Coleraine, Donegal, Fermanagh and Cavan, which were confiscated as a result of a war between Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone and Queen Elizabeth. As a result, about 3,798,000 statute acres were under the crown of England.

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IRISH POTATO FAMINE

The Irish Potato Famine, which lasted from 1845 to 1850, resulted in a great exodus of Irish refugees fleeing to Britain, Australia, and North America, one of the most dramatic waves of Irish migration in history.

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SEPTS OF IRELAND

Prior to the development of hereditary surnames in Ireland, there was a sept system by which families were divided into broad clans or tribes. These were usually based on a common descent from a particularly notable ancestor. For example, the septs who all claimed descent from the famed 4th century warrior king Niall of the Nine Hostages were collectively known as the Ui Neill, or the Hy Niall. Other particularly distinguished groups of ancient septs included the Ui Fiachra, the Ui Maine (also called the Hy Many), the Cinel Eoghain, the Clann Cholgain, the Corca Laighe, and the Dal Cair (also known as the Dalcassians). The use of surnames gradually rendered the sept system obsolete.

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ULSTER

ANCIENT ULSTER

The northern region of Ulster was an ancient kingdom, and one of the four historic Provinces of Ireland. The region was mostly annexed by the English Crown during the reign of James I (1603-1625).

In the Middle Ages, the Province of Ulster contained the counties Donegal, Derry, Antrim, Down, Armagh, Cavan, Monaghan, Fermanagh, and Tyrone.

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WHITE SAILS

The White Sails are one of the romantic nicknames for sailing ships that carried Irish and Scottish immigrants across the Atlantic and into the New World. Numerous Irish, Scottish and British emigrated on these timber ships and traveled in the steerage berths of cargo ships. The ships were also called coffin ships because of the high numbers of casualties that resulted from the trial of the passage.

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O' PREFIX

Irish patronymic surnames frequently feature the distinctive prefix O'. When these surnames were originally developed, they were formed by adding the Gaelic words O, Hy or Ui denote descendant of, [1] to the name of the original bearer's grandfather or to that of an earlier ancestor. For example, the surname O'Neil literally means descendant of Neil (Niall). While the O prefix is more commonly used today, ancient records include all of the above and have been used interchangeably.

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STRONGBOW

As with the fall of Troy, the long conquest of Ireland began with a dispute over the abduction of a beautiful woman. In 1167, Dermod MacMorough, the King of Leinster, is said to have kidnapped Dearvorgil, the wife of Tiernan O'Rourke, the Prince of West Brefney. However, this so-called 'abduction' may be described more accurately as an elopement. This incident led to the invasion and conquest of Leinster by Roderick O'Connor, the king of Connacht and self-styled monarch of Ireland, who sided with O'Rourke. Fleeing to England, the defeated MacMorough sought the aid of King Henry II, who allowed MacMorough to gather support among his subjects in return for an oath of fealty.

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IRELAND

Ireland was first settled in about 6000 BC by a race of Middle Stone Age hunter-gatherers who lived there and hunted such creatures as the megaceros, a giant variety of deer so large that their antlers spanned 10 feet. Around 3000 BC, they made significant technological improvements which moved them into the classification of Bronze Age people. These people eventually came to be known as the Picts, who ruled over Ireland for millennia and even expanded to Scotland. Irish folklore tells that during these very early times, two sons of King Milesius of Iberia conquered Ireland, becoming King Heremon, and his brother Heber. It is said that after assuming power in Ireland Heremon slew his brother, took the throne and fathered a line of kings of Ireland[1] that includes Malachi II and King Niall of the Nine Hostages.

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HIGH KINGS OF IRELAND

Eireamhón 1434-1418 BC (Eremon)
Éibhear 1434-1433 BC (Eber)
Muimhne 1418-1415 BC
Luighne 1418-1415 BC
Laighne 1418-1415 BC
Ir 1415-1415 BC
Orba 1415-1415 BC
Fearán 1415-1415 BC
Fergen 1415-1415 BC
Nuadhat I Neacht 1415-1414 BC
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ANCIENT CELTIC FAMILIES

In MacFirbis's "Irish Genealogies" the following Celtic names are designated "Maghaidh Saxonta" ("magadh: Irish; mocking, jeering); meaning that it was only in jest these names were said to be of Saxon origin:

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FAMILIES IN IRELAND FROM THE 11TH CENTURY TO THE END OF THE 16TH CENTURY

FAMILIES IN IRELAND FROM THE 11th TO
THE END OF THE 16th CENTURY.

According to "A Topographical and Historical Map of Ancient Ireland," compiled by Philip MacDermott, M.D., the following were the names of the principal families in Ireland, of Irish, Anglo-Norman, and Anglo-Irish origin.

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IRISH PROVINCES

The following provinces of Ireland are significant in historical research of surnames and for the most part have survived the centuries as they were once held.

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This page was last modified on 26 July 2014 at 18:33.

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